Caring for the ears of your dog
Health and Medical December 20, 2015
Caring for the ears of your pet
Different and constant care is essential for the health and hygiene of your dog and your home. The state of an apparently healthy dog may be aggravated incredibly fast.
When you are looking for dogs for sale or puppies for sale, keep in mind that almost all dogs suffer from diseases associated with the ears. The ears have a special form because of the ear canal, which can cause many problems. They retain a variety of bacteria, viruses and other microbes that are not visible to the eye and may be even lethal.
Main causes of ear diseases
Allergies: Dogs that have allergies to food also have issues of the ear. In fact, these problems are a sign of an allergy. Once allergy amends the ear protection, we usually see secondary consequences such as bacterial or fungal infections. If you only treat the current infection you will not deal with the whole problem. You have to cure the allergy itself.
Parasites: Ear mites (Otodectes cynoti) are a common problem in cats and not so much in dogs. There are puppies extremely sensitive to worms and scratching can be very intense. The dogs may even damage its ear due to intense scratching.
Bacteria and fungal infections: Many bacteria and fungal organism Malassezia pachydermati cause infections. Normally, a healthy dog has a strong defense, but if the environment in the ear changes after hormone abnormalities, moisture or allergies, an amount of bacteria and fungi can significantly increase and overcome the natural defenses.
Foreign organisms: Plant awns hang on our clothes or hair of your dog, can ever fall into the canal. This causes confusion, dog scratching and soon there is a traumatized and infected ear. When cleaning your beloved pet after hunting or a walk, check also its ears.
Trauma: Ear problems can become severe after a trauma and scratching.
Hormonal abnormalities: deficiency or excess of different hormones can cause ear and skin problems. Hormones produced from the adrenal gland affect the health of the ears.
Ear Environment: There is no better environment for bacteria and fungi than moist, dark, warm ear canal. Breeds with floppy ears like the Cocker Spaniel can have ear problems because of the moisture that accumulates in the ears.
Other reasons: There are numerous rare diseases in all breeds and affect ear canals. Most common are dermatomyositis (affected breeds - Shetland Sheepdogs, Collie) and Seborrhea (affected dogs - Highland White Terrier, Sharpei). Melanomas, cell carcinomas, often appear in the ears.
Symptoms and signs of a problem with the ears of your pet
"The ears of my dog have a terrible smell? What could it be?", "My dog scratches its ears. There are dark, crumbly materials in them. What to do?", "My dog rubs its ears in the carpet, but I do not see anything wrong. Why does it do this?". These are some of the most frequently asked questions.
The most common symptoms that suggest a problem with the ears of your pet are:
Odor, scratching and rubbing the ears and head, redness or swelling of the ear or ear canal, shaking or tilting the head to one side, pain around the ears, changes in behavior such as depression or irritability.
Ear diseases are among the most common among pets. The medical term for inflammation of the outer ear canal is' otitis externa. It was found that nearly 20% of all dogs are ill with this disease.
Preventing ear diseases
The key to the healthy ears is the perfect hygiene. Check your dog's ears every week. A slight build-up of particles (wax-like) is normally present. If your dog swims a lot, has drooping ears or had ear problems, regular cleaning (usually 1-3 times a week) is recommended. Use the same procedure described above. Excessive pilosity around the ear can be cut to allow more air to enter and not hold too much moisture in the ear canal. Remove all root causes that predispose your dog to ear diseases.
Remember, if your dog feels very uncomfortable, its ears smell bad, or ear canals seem unusual, do not delay examination by a vet. If the dog's eardrum was cracked or injured, cleaning ears and use of drugs can be harmful.
Cleaning the ears
The ear of your dog is more in the form of L, than your ear and scrap likes to collect at the end of the L. The best decision is to fill the ear canal with a dog product for cleaning ears. The cotton buds should be oxidized. Massage the ear for half a minute to loosen and soften the end rubble. Wipe debris and fluid with something soft like cotton ball. Continue until there is no more dirt. Depending on the condition of the ear of your dog, you may need to do it two times a day.
Ear sticks with cotton can be used to clean the inside of the outer ear and the part of the ear canal that can see. They should not be placed deeper into the ear so as more debris will go deeper.
Some ear infections are extremely painful and the dog should be drugged to thoroughly clean the ear. Your dog will find this very unpleasant. Speak to the pet during the procedure, stopping for a moment to give a prize if doing well. A game or a toy afterwards may help.
Once ears are clean, leave your dog to shake its head and leave little time to dry the ears.
Treatment depends on the cause and what is the secondary effect for your pet. Antibiotics are a common medicine for bacterial and fungal infections of Antimycotics. Glucocorticoids are often used to prevent ear infections. Ear problems affecting the entire body and hormonal abnormalities or allergy, require treatment with hormonal replacements, allergy testing or treatment of the immune system.
Allergies: Allergies are often treated with drugs for cleaning, with antihistamines and fatty acids as an additive. Sometimes you need also corticosteroids. They can be taken orally or by injection. Testing and therapy on the immune is the best means to treat ear problems.
Ear mites: They cause dark, dry, crumbly pieces, which resemble grains of coffee. Ear cleaning and medicine for killing ear worms will solve the problem, but the treatment can last for weeks, and depends on the product.
Fungal infections: Fungal infections may lead to awful ear problems. Usually observed as brown wax particles with unpleasant odor. Regular cleaning will help. However these infections cannot be treated easily and require special medications because antibiotics can cure the fungus. If you think that your dog has such a disease, immediately pay a visit to the veterinarian.
Bacterial infections: They can also lead to bad smell and often found with yellow particles. If the case is chronic or severe, a simple cleaning of the ears will not help and you should treat with antibiotics. Again, we recommend a consultation with a veterinarian. The canal infection usually spreads to the inner and middle ear, so a fast reaction is always better.
No matter what you do, the best way to prevent ear infections or diseases is a regular cleaning!