Top 10 dog training tips
Training December 20, 2015
Top 10 dog training tips
Everyone has an opinion on the matter, and each of us gets different advices from our vet and friends, which is the best way to train our dog. Education and upbringing of these animals is mandatory for the subsequent behavior and problems associated with it when it grows up. Training should start very soon after the puppy enters its future home. Many people are looking for dogs for sale without even being ready to grow one. Here are some important tips for new owners.
When to separate the puppies from their mother?
Regarding the requirements for proper weaning of puppies and their transition to general food, they need to be separated from the mother at the age of 40 days. It is proved through experiments that this is the best age for young animals to make their first contact with people. The later it happens, the harder the dog gets used to life with humans.
The dog and the situation at home
The dog gets used to the situation at home in only a few days. You will notice that it chooses 2-3 toys, which become its favorites. Even in moments when you do not pay attention to your pup, it will bring them in its teeth, push you with its paw or head, trying to find a game partner. Puppies are like small, cheerful and naughty children. This is exactly the reason while they are young, they communicate more with kids. Use this love for toys and children to make your pet learn its first commands.
Puppies spend most of the day sleeping. Don't interrupt them, they need more sleep to grow healthy. Periods of sleep alternate with periods of play and walks home. Gradually the play time is extended, the sleep becomes shorter. Remember - it is wrong to let your dog in your bed.
The hygienic habits of your dog
It will take a few days for your new pet to get used to new surroundings, then it is imperative to start building its hygiene habits. The easiest way is by frequent walks, especially after sleep, feeding or games – these are the "risky" moments in which it eases its physiological needs in the wrong place at home. Often, before doing it, the dog starts sniffing a ground, this is a certain sign and you should bring it out immediately.
It takes a lot of love and perseverance to build up the necessary hygienic habits. Do not apply physical punishment and violence – the puppy will not understand it. Just try to bring it out every morning, possibly earlier, but always at the same time. Do the same after every meal and you will see that within 15-20 days it will get used to satisfy its physiological needs outside.
Going out for a walk in any case should not be linked solely to a hygienic habits. This is especially true for animals that live at home. Direct contact with fresh air and rays of the sun are vital for the puppy. Well-fed puppies with an intensive growth, which don't go out regularly, are prone to rickets, whether they are given regular vitamins D or not. The length of a walk is important - the longer, the better. While your pet is still young, choose a place for walking, which would ensure some security. The small animal is not able to avoid vehicles so you have to be careful all the time. Contacts with other dogs are eligible, but be careful - not everyone is nice and some breeds are usually aggressive. Furthermore, these contacts often lead to transmission of various infectious or parasitic diseases. More risky are meetings with stray dogs, so do not allow such encounters.
Moving on a leash
When your puppy reaches 3 months you can start to teach it to walk on a leash. This is not difficult - first to put the collar so that your dog can get used to it. It takes about 5-6 days. In the beginning it will try to get rid of it - whimpering, pulling it with its paws, and sometimes rolling. The choice of collar depends on a size and the type of breed. Once the pup gets used to a collar, start walking it with a leash. It will be difficult in the beginning, because the young animal will do all sorts of tricks from the moment a leash stops its free move. Be careful and don't apply force. The dog seeks its freedom and does not give up easily from it. Just leave it to lead you, from time to time carefully define a desired direction with tugging a leash. In any hitch the dog usually sits on its haunches and begins to pull. Reassure it gently and wait for it to go again. With a little persistence you will teach it to move quickly on a leash.
Moving with a muzzle
The next very important point of the education is to train your puppy to go out for a walk with a muzzle. It is absolutely essential for working and guard dogs, which are generally very aggressive. No matter how good they are trained, the dogs often react unexpectedly and the consequences can be severe. Training the dog to wear a muzzle starts from 5-6 months of age. Do not allow the two extremes - physical punishment or regret. Calm it with soft words, stroke it and keep the muzzle. The only thing that matters is the muzzle to be to its measure and not be tightened more than necessary. Gradually, it will get used to it.
The special training of dogs (working, police, guard, hunting, rescue) requires a lot of patience and knowledge. Length of training depends on the skill and tenacity and intelligence of the owner of the dog. Each element of the training should be repeated until full utilization and only then move on to the next exercise.
No matter how universally smart the dog is, it cannot learn to do everything. That is why by continuous breeding work created a variety of breeds with different purposes have been created. Therefore, before choosing from a number of puppies for sale, you should know that the skills a dog can acquire depend on the type of the breed.
The best way to get a dog to perform an action is the treat.
Do not convert nutrition to a trade. It's about additional goodies. You should be aware that the dog should not receive any "bites" from the table when you are eating. If you want to tap your dog - make it execute a command, even the easiest one. You will use the food reward - "salary", especially if the dog has to change unwanted behavior. Many people have big prejudices to food rewards for the dog. The explanation is that they do not understand that the Food Prize is not a bribe, but rather a salary. It is important to understand the difference between the two and avoid bribery. It comes before the desired behavior as bait, lure to distract the dog and prevent an act that otherwise the owner could not control. This is a sad but common situation.
Reward or salary comes in exchange for good behavior when the dog perfectly responded to orders from its master. This means that the dog is attentive to the wishes of the owner, waiting for his attention, complying with his demands, and has learned that it might win a prize.
Education is a synthesis of incentives and penalties
We should not forget that the dog reinforces causation only if events follow one after another, and the time frame between them is not more than a few seconds. Otherwise encouragement or punishment is not associated with the previous action and appears unexpectedly (unnecessarily) for the dog.
The punishment should not be a hit.
If you educate with fear of a punch, you ignore the rule of trust between you and your puppy. When you lose stability, the little puppy loses confidence. It is better to repeat with calm, but confident voice, "No!" or another command. But in any case do not raise your voice, it will not have the desired effect.
If you are angry, stop fussing with the dog. All instructors advise owners to be benevolent and patient.
Of course, rules of education could be much more as growing a dog is not a simple job. They can depend both on the nature of the dog and the character of the owner, the number of family members, the presence of children, etc. The most important thing is for these rules to be observed by all family members. Unlike the rules in the education of a child, we can write and stick them somewhere in a visible place (such as on the refrigerator). The whole family and all your guests should know what is allowed, what is not, and what is absolutely forbidden for the dog. Only in this case you will have a really positive result: polite, obedient and loving pet.