German Spitz is the oldest breed of dogs in Central Europe, dating back to the stone age. They are extremely popular in Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and the UK. This is considered to be the oldest known breed. The historical dogs whose fossil remains were found in Scandinavia, Russia and Switzerland, resemble a lot of the modern Spitz. The group of dogs has a wide variety of sizes and colors.
The German Spitz was imported to the United States of America, where was adopted a new name for the breed - American Eskimo Dog. The main reason was the anti-German propaganda during the First World War. Today it is a separate breed in the US, but there aren't any significant differences with the German Spitz. The Chow Chow and Akita probably originated from these German dogs.
There are three types Spitz dogs, divided by size - small, medium and large. Their height is between 22 and 43 cm and the weight is between 8 and 18 kg. Their head is round with oval cheekbones, square muzzle, and a smiling face. The eyes are large and round, usually brown and the ears are small and erect. The tail looks like a ball of hair that stands on the back of the dogs, as it is very fluffy and carried curled over the back. The coat is rough to the touch, the coloring can be in beige, orange, red, black, gray and white.
Character and behavior
These dogs are extremely curious and adventurous, perfect companions and wonderful home pets. They are strongly attached to their owners and remain faithful till the end. The German Spitz is very good in many sports, especially in agility competitions.
Training and education
It is better to train these dogs to be quiet as they always bark when the doorbell rings or someone stranger come in the house. You must be very assertive in its training and clearly show your pet who is the "boss" otherwise your puppy will not listen and obey to you. The dog should be taught that all people are leaders of the pack, otherwise it can not be trusted when is surrounded by children. When trained properly, they become excellent friends. Besides the leadership skills of the owner, another key point is the good socialization. You must be very patient with these puppies and invent interesting exercises to train their healthy body and a sharp mind.
Their life expectancy is about 15 years and generally have excellent health. Some representatives are prone to obesity because they are not hyperactive dogs. Both parents of all puppies for sale should have BVA and ISDS eye certificates.
Grooming and care
The average German Spitz is an intelligent and playful dog. These agile animals need daily activities and exercise. A long walk, combined with a vigorous game will satisfy their needs. They can live outside like yard dogs, but many prefer a social and family environment. Their double coat needs regular combing to avoid felting. These dogs are excellent companions for grown ups. However, their owner has to be strict, confident and consistent, because otherwise the great German Spitz becomes very stubborn, sassy and temperament and will be very difficult to be taught in obedience.
Children and other pets
Their curiosity often leads to barking against strangers and other animals. It is not a good choice for families with very young children, as sometimes the Spitz can become quite irritable and unpredictable. You should teach your kids how to show leadership in front of the dog.
Three dogs survived the sinking of the Titanic - a Newfoundland, a German Spitz and a Pekingese.
Other names: Deutscher Spitz; Zwergspitz; Spitz nain; Spitz enano; Pom; Zwers; Pomeranian
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