Low Sodium Dog Food
January 31, 2018
Minerals and salts are a vital part in the growth and development of a dog. They help with the development of major organs in the body and enhance metabolic balance. Although they are essential, these salts and minerals need to be ingested in the right amounts, if not, they will have devastating effects.
When taken in the right amounts, sodium helps maintain the optimal balance of fluids in cells and helps them in functioning smoothly. It also plays a significant role in conducting nerve impulses and muscular contractions.
In this article, we are going to take an insightful look at the reasons why a dog needs low sodium food. We will also find out what brands offers the best recipe for dogs that requires best low sodium dog food.
But before we go any further, I want to point out clearly that for the sake of the health of your dog, you must consult with your vet before you make any decision.Enjoy the rest of the content and feel free to share it with friends on social media.
Dogs which are suffering from cardiac problems such as an enlarged heart, valve changes, and heart murmurs among many other heart abnormalities need to be fed with low sodium dog foods. So, what exactly are low sodium dog foods and why should one particularly be concerned about them?
Low sodium dog foods are foods deemed to have a sodium concentration of less than 0.35%. The recommended amount is in the neighborhood of 0.25%.
As earlier stated, these low sodium dog foods, are supposed to be fed to dogs suffering from any cardiac problems. Healthy dogs with no history of such abnormalities can ingest a relatively higher amount of the same Sodium and excrete it without any complication.
Too much of the same though causes an increase in thirst and swelling throughout the body of the animal.
Too little of the same and your dog will suffer from dehydration. It, therefore, takes knowledge, preferably advice from the vet to know the category in which your dog lies and the amount of sodium intake your dog should take daily.
For a healthy dog without any cardiac complication, the recommended allowance of sodium for a dog weighing 30 pounds eating 1,000 calories per day is 100mg-120mg.
Such healthy dogs can comfortably process and excrete foods with a sodium content of 0.3% to 0.6%.
Dogs with vascular problems on the hand with the same weight and an almost similar calorific intake should take doses of 35-70mg of sodium a day.
Dogs in the early stages of heart failure should be eating foods with a sodium content of less than 0.3% while those with chronic and advanced heart problems should be restricted to a sodium content of less than 0.2%.
So, now that one knows the category under which his/her dog falls in, how does one know the exact sodium content of foods and what are the sources of low sodium foods?
The natural sources of Sodium in the diet of a dog include red meats, poultry products, and fish.
These foods all have a different sodium content that depends on the type of fish for example and the conditions in which the fish lived. Dogs that need low sodium intake should not be fed these foods directly without the exact sodium content being ascertained.
To avoid taking risks of feeding a cardiac patient dog with excess sodium content, it is always advisable to feed them with commercial pet foods which have the Mineral Salts content labeled.
The first step, however, is to consult a vet who will conduct a medical examination on the dog and give you an overview of the health status of the dog and recommend the right low sodium dog food for your dog.
Here are four common brands low sodium dog foods;
1.Hill’s Science Diet Dog Food
These over the counter prescription foods have a measured low sodium content that suits animals with heart conditions. These foods might have low measured sodium content, but their nutritional value is on the low.
They have an abundance of filler and are all natural. They, however, are an excellent diet for dogs that are in latter stages of their cardiac problems and require very low sodium contents; typically below 0.2%.
2.Royal Canin Early Cardiac
This is one brand of dog food that is manufactured with heart problems in mind. The concentrates are specially mixed to meet the low sodium demands of dogs ailing from cardiac problems.
Even better is the addition of the Omega-3s which helps reduce inflammation in the dogs. It has an overall better nutritional value than Hill’s Science Diet dog food.
3.Purina Pro Plan Sensitive Skin & Stomach Formula
If a dog suffers from any cardiac condition and needs soft food, then this is an ideal food brand. With a sodium content of 44mg/100kCal, it is perfect for elderly dogs and young puppies with cardiac conditions.
The primary ingredients in this formula are rice and salmon. Unlike the other two earlier mentioned formulas that use gluten-rich foods like beef and chicken, this recipe uses the ingredients that have had the least number of allergies.
Very many dogs develop sensitivities to high gluten foods, and although they may have significantly low sodium content, they may cause other problems with the digestion of food.
4.Wellness Dog Food
The other brand that manufactures low sodium content dog food is Wellness. Their low sodium content foods are best suited for animals with cardiac diseases but have cases of food sensitivity. The foods are ideal for middle age dogs and aging dogs whose cardiac conditions are deteriorating.
Before settling in on a brand, it is important to consult with a vet who will give directions on the best formula to use depending on the current state of your dog. Remember as the dog ages, the level of sodium intake should reduce as well.
Remember there is no particular breed of dog that is prone to cardiac disease and any dog is susceptible. The key is always to get your dog examined by a professional for you to know whether it needs to be placed on a low sodium diet.
Feeding your dog with the appropriate low sodium food content will significantly improve the quality of life it leads and potentially saves his/her life.