Dog Breeds without Tails
February 24, 2019
Dog breeds without tail are also known as ‘natural bobtails’. Their lack of a tail falls down to a mutated gene. This can cause the tail to be either not there at all, or unusually short from what you can expect with your average dog.
As with all genes, the gene may be recessive or dominant – this factor is important when you are breeding dogs. The gene is a T factor gene ‘C189C’. However not all dog breeds have been examined for this gene, currently, only 24 dog breeds have been studied to see if they have the gene.
While some dogs come with the gene which naturally doesn’t give them a tail, there are also sadly many cases of people docking dog’s tails. Thankfully, there is now legislation in place in many different countries which restricts owners and breeders from docking the tails. Rightfully so, no owner should mutilate their own dogs for aesthetic approval.
A much fairer way for dogs can come to have a bobtail is to backcross breeds such as mixing the boxer with the corgi to reintroduce the gene into the breed. This is a relatively new practice, however, since it has been used there are an increased numbers of bobtail boxers for sale. The practice started in the UK, however, they are also commonly exported all around the world.
The six dogs which were tested and showed no C189C mutation were the Boston Terrier, the English Bulldog, King Charles Spaniel, the Miniature Schnauzer, the Parson Russell Terrier and the Rottweiler.
Here are all the dog breeds which have the C189C mutation.
- Australian Shepherd
Many Australian Shepherd breeds naturally come with docked tails, but in the past, their tails have been docked to prevent injury.
- Austrian Pinscher
Australian Pinschers can come with or without a tail. When they do possess a tail it is usually curly although it can also be straight.
- Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog’s name pretty much gives you all you need to know about this breed!
- Braque du Bourbonnais (Bourbonnais Pointer)
Also known as the short-tail pointer which comes from France.
- Braque Francais (Savoy Sheepdog)
This breed’s tail was historically docked manually to prevent accidents in the field, but it also comes with the natural gene mutation.
- Brazilian Terrier
The tail on a Brazilian Terrier may have been docked or be a naturally occurring gene.
The tails of Brittany Spaniels come in all shapes and sizes, sometimes they aren’t there at all!
Sadly after docking was prohibited in the UK, the Corgi is now classed as a vulnerable breed
- Croatian Sheepdog
Sadly, docking is still very common for this breed, however they may also be born without tails.
- Danish–Swedish Farmdog
The Danish-Swedish Farmdog’s tail can come in all shapes and sizes but it isn’t all too uncommon to see one without a tail.
The endangered Korean dog comes with tails in many forms and also possesses the bobtail gene.
- Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russel Terrier was often a breed which had their tails docked, usually to the length of 5”.
- Karelian Bear Dog
When this dog does have a tail, it’s incredibly fluffy, but it can still be seen without one.
The Mudi breed can either come with bobtails or medium size tails.
- Polish Lowland Sheepdog
The Polish Lowland Sheepdog possesses the mutation which gives them the docked tail, or they may be docked after birth.
- Pyrenean Shepherd
The Pyrenean Shepherd tail can be naturally bobbed or long and fluffy!
This breed can come with a nub tail, stubbed tail, half tail or full tail naturally.
- Spanish Water Dog
Generally, Spanish Water Dogs find that tails come in handy for helping them glide through the water, but sometimes they naturally don’t have one!
- Swedish Vallhund
The Swedish Vallhund is the last dog which has been proven to come with a natural bobtail, however, it can also possess a full tail too.
If you see any other dog breeds with a bobbed tail, it is highly likely that they have been docked. This is why it is always important to check breed specifications before you adopt a dog. Always ensure that you are buying a pup from a reputable breeder!