Top 10 dog training tips
February 12, 2019
The Top 10 Dog Training Tips
There are many variants of advice when it comes to adequately training a new dog. Whether you have an unruly dog or are looking to restore peace and balance in your home, the internet can be a minefield for finding the best and most practical advice.
Everyone has a different opinion on the matter, and each of us gets different advice from vets and friends.
So, which is the best way to train our dog?
Education and upbringing of these animals are mandatory to good behavior and to prevent further problems for the dog in later life. Training should start very soon after the puppy enters its new home. Of course, not every dog which is brought into a new home is a puppy, which can make the job of training an adult dog exceptionally harder. Some dogs may also form problematic behaviours as a result of a lack of exercise, emotional and mental stimulation, or many other factors which can have a negative effect on a dog. Such as bringing a new pet into the home, moving to a new house, or someone leaving the home.
The bottom line is that dogs are sensitive sentient creatures, while intelligence varies from breed to breed, they’re still incredibly aware animals which will need to be nurtured, respected, and loved.
Many people look for dogs for sale without even being ready to grow one. The best advice will depend on the breed of your dog how your family home is, and the problematic behaviours which your dog may start to exhibit.
But here are some important tips for new dog owners who want to ensure that they are doing the best for their dogs.
When to separate the puppies from their mother?
Regarding the requirements for proper weaning of puppies and their transition to solid food, they need to be fully separated from the mother at the age of 40 days and no earlier. There is plenty of research which dictates that this is the best age for young pups to be taken away from their mothers and start to make their first contact with their new owners. When buying a puppy, always ask the date which the puppy was born and ensure that it is old enough to take away. Some sellers may be keen to get rid of the pups as soon as they can, but if they are taken away from the mother too soon, this won’t be healthy for the pup. If they spend too long with their Mum, there is the potential that they won’t take to their new owners.
Making Sure the Dog is Happy at Home
As we said before, dogs are highly sensitive creatures, therefore their new environment must already be suitable before they hare brought home.
Dogs get used to new surroundings at home in a matter of a few days and you’ll want to look out for certain behaviours. You will notice that it chooses 2-3 toys, which become its favorites. Even in moments when you do not pay attention to your pup, it will bring them in its teeth, push you with its paw or head, trying to find a game partner. Puppies are like small, cheerful and naughty children. This is exactly the reason while they are young, they communicate more with kids. Use this love for toys and children to make your pet learn its first commands such as fetch and sit. Make sure that your dog recognises you as an authority and someone that it knows he should listen to.
However, always be prepared to give your puppy plenty of downtime, although you will want to play with them constantly after bringing them into your home. Puppies spend most of the day sleeping. Don't interrupt them, when they are young, plenty of naps are pivotal to their health, Periods of sleep alternate with periods of play and walks home. Gradually the play time is extended, the sleep becomes shorter. While many people believe that it is wrong to let a dog sleep in your bed, some owners prefer it. However, do not allow your puppy to sleep in your bed if you do not intend to continue the routine when they are adult dogs. A husky puppy may not be a problem when they are small but sending them away when they are adults will only seem like a punishment which they won’t be able to make sense of.
Keep on Top of Your Dog’s Toilet Training
Don’t expect your dog to immediately know how the toilet routine works in a new environment. It will take a few days for your new pet to get used to new surroundings, then it is imperative to start building its hygiene habits. Accidents are bound to happen during this period of time but punishing them is not an option.
The easiest way to toilet train your dog is with frequent walks, especially after sleep, feeding or games – these are the "risky" moments which your dog is most likely to need the toilet, so, you’ll need to ensure that you are around to take them outside. Leaving your dog to its own devices and allowing it to relieve itself on the floor will never teach them to go outside. And remember, if you don’t see your dog doing it, you can’t tell it that has been naughty. Often, before doing it, the dog starts sniffing a ground, this is a certain sign and you should bring it out immediately. You might have to get up a fair amount of times throughout the day, but this is the fastest way of toilet training your pup.
It takes a lot of love and perseverance to build up the necessary hygienic habits. Do not apply physical punishment and violence – the puppy will not understand it. Just try to walk the dog every morning always at the same time. Do the same after every meal and you will see that within 15-20 days it will get used to satisfy its toilet needs outside.
Going out for a walk should not be linked solely to a hygienic habit. This is especially true for animals that live inside your home. Direct contact with fresh air and rays of the sun are vital for the puppy. Well-fed puppies are going through a process of intensive growth if they don't go out regularly, are prone to many physical conditions and defects such as rickets. The purpose of a walk is not only to make your dog go to the toilet then you can go back home. It is vital that they soak up vitamin D which is just as important for them as it is for us. The length of a walk is important - the longer, the better. While your pet is still young, choose a place for walking, which would ensure some security such as a secure park. While you may have to walk through the streets to get to the park or wherever you are exercising your dog, small dogs shouldn’t be around moving traffic. It is inevitable that you will make contact with other dogs if you are heading to a dog walking hot spot, meeting other dogs is essential to socialisation, however, caution must be taken especially when your dog is small. Furthermore, these contacts often lead to transmission of various infectious or parasitic diseases, so, always ensure that your dog is fully vaccinated and safe to go outdoors before exercising them.
How to Start Walking Your Pup on a Leash
When your puppy reaches 3 months old you can start to teach it how to walk on a leash. This is not difficult - first to put the collar so that your dog can get used to it. It takes about 5-6 days. In the beginning, it will try to get rid of it - whimpering, pulling it with its paws, and sometimes rolling trying to get free. The choice of collar depends on the size and the type of breed. Once the pup gets used to a collar, start walking it with a leash. It will be difficult in the beginning, because the young animal will do all sorts of tricks from the moment a leash stops its free movement. Be careful, don't apply force and do not opt for a choking collar on a puppy.
The dog seeks its freedom and does not give up easily from it. Just leave it to lead you, from time to time carefully define the desired direction with tugging a leash. In any hitch, the dog usually sits on its haunches and begins to pull. Reassure it gently and wait for it to go again. With a little persistence, you will teach it to move quickly on a leash. Every time your dog cooperates with you walking them on a lead inside your home make sure you have treats to praise the pup with.
How to Get a Dog Used to a Muzzle
The process of familiarising your dog with a muzzle is similar to how you will get them used to a leash. Not all dogs will require a muzzle when going for a walk, however, It is absolutely essential for working and guard dogs, which are generally very aggressive.
No matter how well they are trained, dogs can sometimes react unexpectedly, and the consequences can be severe for you, your dog, strangers and other dogs. Training the dog to wear a muzzle will need to start from 5-6 months of age. Get them used to the muzzle in their home environment, once they stop trying to remove or break free from the muzzle you will know its safe to go outside with your new dog muzzled up. Giving treats can be difficult to reward the good behaviour with while they are wearing the muzzle, so always ensure that your dog is treated well when it gets back home from its walk – only if it has behaved well of course! While your dog is wearing the muzzle, ensure you vocally express that they are showing good behaviour, and stroke their face around the muzzle.
From the first time of fitting the muzzle, always ensure it fits and never tighten it more than necessary, in time the dog will get used to it.
This part of the article doesn’t apply for all dogs, only for dogs who will have a job to do aside from keeping you company as a companion pet. But if you are intending on your dog being a service or working dog, you will need to train them and allow them to develop the skills early. Ever heard the phrase “can’t teach an old dog new tricks?”.
The special training of dogs (working, police, guard, hunting, rescue) requires a lot of patience and knowledge. Length of training depends on the skill and tenacity and intelligence of the owner of the dog. Each element of the training should be repeated until full utilization and only then move on to the next exercise. If you are not experienced within the training of this sort, you may want to seek out professional help from trainers and animal behaviour experts.
No matter how universally smart the dog is, it cannot learn to do everything. That is why continuous breeding work created a variety of breeds with different purposes have been created. Therefore, before choosing from a number of puppies for sale, you should know that the skills a dog can acquire depend on the type of the breed.
Never Run Out of Treats!
Do not convert nutrition to a trade. Treats are all about additional goodies. You should be aware that the dog should not receive any "bites" from the table when you are eating. All treats given should be in the form of dog treats and not human food.
If you want to train your dog and make it execute a command, even the easiest one. You will use the food reward which is regarded as a "salary". This process is especially useful if the dog has to change unwanted behavior. Many people carry big prejudices when it comes to using food as a reward for the dog. The explanation is that they do not understand that the Food Prize is not a bribe, but rather a salary. It is important to understand the difference between the two and avoid bribery. Never give your dog a treat before the desired behaviour, always do it after, so food is never seen as bait to get them to do as you command.
Reward or salary comes in exchange for good behavior when the dog perfectly responded to orders from its master. This means that the dog is attentive to the wishes of the owner, waiting for his attention, complying with his demands, and has learned that it might win a prize.
Education is a Synthesis of Incentives and Penalties
We should not forget that the dog reinforces causation only if events follow one after another, and the time frame between them is not more than a few seconds. Otherwise, encouragement or punishment is not associated with the previous action and appears unexpectedly (unnecessarily) for the dog. This means, if you come home and your dog has torn up your cushions which they may have done the moment you left the house, you are unable to discipline them for this action, as they will have no idea what you are punishing them for. Only punish your dog when you catch them in the act.
Never Use Physical Force as a Punishment
It should go without saying that hitting, slapping, kicking, or using any amount of force with your dog is abuse. Sure, there are times where you may need to restrain them if they are aggressive. But physical aggression is never okay. The dog will never understand, and it will only lead to even worse behaviour further down the line.
If you educate with fear of a punch, you ignore the rule of trust between you and your puppy. When you lose stability of your relationship, the little puppy loses confidence. It is better to repeat with calm, but confident voice, "No!" or another command. But in any case, do not raise your voice, it will not have the desired effect.
If you are angry, stop fussing with the dog. All instructors advise owners to be benevolent and patient. Training dogs can be stressful, especially if they are less than compliant. Never allow yourself to lose your patience around your dog.
Of course, rules of education stretch beyond these 10 top tips; nurturing a growing a dog is not a simple job. How difficult the process can be can depend both on the nature of the dog and the character of the owner, the number of family members, the presence of children, etc.
The most important thing is for these rules to be observed by all family members. Unlike the rules in the education of a child, we can write and stick them somewhere in a visible place (such as on the refrigerator). The whole family and all your guests should know what is allowed, what is not, and what is absolutely forbidden for the dog. Only in this case, you will have a really positive result: polite, obedient and loving pet.