Dry food for dogs and puppies
April 5, 2018
Dry food for dogs and puppies
The dry food is called by pet owners with all sorts of strange names - candy, popcorn, pills, pellets, etc. They are foods with very low water content (less than 10-12%). It is produced by two methods - by granulation and extrusion. The first method is rarely used in practice, because the food has a lower biological value. Prior balanced and prepared food is compressed under high pressure through the holes of the matrix to give granules in a certain form. This technology is also used to produce noodles, pasta and other foods for humans.
Extrusion is the most frequently used method - the prepared mixture is subjected to moistening with steam, then passed through a special machine (extruder) under pressure, and then dried. The granules produced this way have a porous structure and a much better biological value. Dry foods for dogs and cats are produced in America from the early twentieth century. They can be offered as a complete food, balanced meal or as mixes, to which can be added meat or canned food.
Typical nutrient content of manufactured foods for dogs
I - Wet food
• Galantine meat: Moisture - 83%; Proteins – 7%; Fat – 4,5%; Minerals – 1,5%; Calcium – 0,3%; Phosphor – 0,2%
• Galantine pieces of meat: Moisture – 79%; Proteins – 7%; Fat – 4,5%; Minerals – 2,5%; Calcium – 0,5%; Phosphor – 0,4%
II – Dry food
• Complete: Moisture – 6%; Proteins – 30%; Fat – 11%; Minerals – 7%; Calcium – 1,3%; Phos-phor – 1,1%
• Mixed: Moisture – 6%; Proteins – 13%; Fat – 7,5%; Minerals – 7%; Calcium – 1,3%; Phosphor – 0,5%
The above mentioned percentages must be explicitly marked on the product packaging. Mixes are used as a cheap source of energy and are mainly prepared from cereals. They contain a small amount of protein (8-10%). Complete, balanced food in appearance can be similar to the mix, but is fundamentally different in composition.
They provide all the necessary nutrients tailored to the stage of development of the animal. Due to their low water content will not spoil if stored properly. For the same reason, they contain a large amount of energy, so rations are much lower. Quality dry food has a high digestibility, similar to that of canned food and meat.
Quality dry foods are accepted with pleasure by animals and can be the only source of nutrition throughout their lives. The prices sound scary for some owners, but the rations are relatively low and in the price the manufacturer calculates the health of your pet, which is priceless.
Another benefit of the dry food is its special focus towards breed, size, age, etc. There are a lot of dif-ferent types such as “food for puppies” - designed with a high content of nutrients that are required during growth and development of a small dog; “food for hunting dogs” - characterized by high levels of protein and calories; “food for adults (inactive) dogs - low in calories and fat in order to assist the maintenance of optimal body weight.
How to choose properly the dry food for your dog?
When you buy food for your dogs, you must be well aware of what you get and not be guided solely by the price. The quality dry food has a key effect for the good health and long life of your pet friends.
It is important to know that conservation in granulated foods is achieved by extruding and extracting water, while canned (wet and semi-moist) - by preservatives.
To select the best food for your dog, you must pass through a period of the method "trial - error" - try different types until you find the one that your puppy will like the most.
Good foods are expensive, but not every expensive food is good.
You need to read carefully the con-tent, as the first ingredient is advisable to be meat. Make sure everything is clearly written and what is the "mission" of the manufacturer. Good food for dogs is always high in meat and very low or no content of corn, wheat, rice and others. Avoid mediocre marks and definitely forget about food from the lower class, which is sold in supermarkets. Buy food from specialty stores.
If you already chose the dry food, give strictly defined quantity, not "let the puppy eat as much as he wants" and provide plenty of water.
And one more thing - the digestive system of the dog is "tuned" to the type of diet you have chosen. Do not change it dramatically. If you decide to switch from Natural Nutrition to granulated food or vice versa, add a little of the new food to the previous one for a week, gradually changing the ratio. It is absolutely wrong to give one day natural, and the other – dry food.
A few practical tips on how to recognize a good quality dry food:
1) Qualitative granule has a brown color. The manner of preparation of the granules implies it. Everything that is green, red and orange is coloring pigments and coloring pigments only. No thanks!
2) You cannot find quality dry food in supermarkets.
3) In the pet shops, you can choose from a wide variety of foods, but there isn't a veterinarian to advise you which food is best for your dog. We recommend to buy dry food from veterinarian clinic or specialized shops.
4) The qualitative granule is packaged. Buying 100gr from a bulk food is very vicious practice. Fat is what flavored the food. And fat become rancid in contact with oxygen in the air. This means that printed packages from which you measure food have reduced taste and nutritional value, and you do not know how much of the content in the bag is original.
5) The good dry food is in strict balance quality-price. If a food is cheap, then think about how many nutrients it has, how much meat, how much is paid for the package, how much for the colors, how much for the ads on TV, radio and billboards. You will not see an advertising for boutique cosmetics. The same is with the food of the higher classes. They prefer to advertise in veterinarian clin-ics and informational newsletters, to invest in training vendors and consultants to enable them to give you the best for your pet.
In conclusion it is fair to say that dry food is the best way to feed your dog. In addition, when you decide to look for puppies for sale, we recommend that you question the breeder what nutrition was used for the parents of the puppies.