The 12 Rarest Dog Breeds with Pictures

The 12 Rarest Dog Breeds with Pictures
January 28, 2019

While there are many breeds you won’t see every day due to their population being localised to a certain geographical location, there are quite a few breeds where the population has taken a downward spiral all around the globe.

There are literally hundreds of dog breeds, and I’m sure even the biggest dog lover could never reel all of the breeds off the top of their head, yet many people have never heard of these dogs ever before.

All of the dogs featured on this list still make for the perfect pets – we’ve left the hounds which are more suited to the wild off the list!

American Foxhound 

The American Foxhound may look like a Beagle, yet, they are a different breed entirely. However, they still come with the same energetic and friendly personality as beagles, but sadly, they haven’t been welcomed onto many sofas in the family home! Originally the American Foxhound was used to hunt foxes. They also happen to be cousins of the English Foxhound whose numbers have been in a steady decline over the years.


The Beauceron is a French shepherd dog they are fiercely loyal dogs, yet, there aren’t many people who have the ability to get this breed under heel. They are extremely powerful and large, so anyone looking to own a Beauceron will have to ensure that they can show the breed who is boss, in return, you will enjoy one of the loyalist best friends you’ve ever had!


The Bergamasco breed probably isn’t the cutest one you’ll ever come across. Rustic breeds as a whole never tend to be all too popular, and the Bergamasco is pretty much as rustic as they come. They have not one, not two, but three different types of hair. Despite this, they are actually incredibly easy to groom. Another great bonus of the Bergamasco as a family pet is that they are great with children!

Canaan Dog 

Sadly, a lot of great watchdogs are being placed on this list, perhaps now that homes are generally more secure than what they used to be. The Canaan Dog is a historical creature with reference to the breed in the bible! Back in those days, they were primarily used for protection of livestock, and they are one of the only breeds of dog that still carries much of its wild instinct despite years of domestication. They are also incredibly quirky, although they will require a lot of exercise.

Cesky Terrier 

Cesky Terriers don’t look like your average terrier, they have an incredibly distinctive look about them, which may have had a lot to do with the fact that they aren’t as popular as they once were. Like all terriers, they were put to work hunting vermin and other small rodents, the breed is what is known as a ‘bark pointer’, they have incredibly loud barks which carry for long distances, which may not make them the ideal dogs for people living in cities.

Coton de Tulear 

Just why the Coton de Tulear is so rare in 2019 is a mystery, it essentially looks like a giant ball of cotton! Well, the breed isn’t that large, they’re actually incredibly small and usually only weigh in at just 15 pounds! Even though the Coton de Tulear is an active breed who will love to snooze on the sofa with you.

Dandie Dinmont Terrier 

As well as having a slightly strange name, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier is also fairly unique in appearance, yet that’s not to say that they can’t be adorable! The Scottish terrier has a longer body and shorter legs than your average terrier, yet, they are still plenty of use in the fields when it comes to hunting and they are extremely hardy.

Finnish Spitz 

The Finnish Spitz is the national dog of Finland, but around the world, they are incredibly rare, which may have a little to do with the fact that they have been hailed as the “King of Barkers”. You definitely wouldn’t make best friends with your neighbours if you’re living in city apartments, but the Finnish Spitz was never meant for apartment living, they were bred to hunt large game such as bears by bark pointing.

Lagotto Romagnolo 

Ever heard of this breed? Not many people have. Historically, they were used for digging out truffles due to their extra sensitive noses, but there aren’t too many people hunting for truffles these days so sadly the numbers of the Lagotto Romagnolo have declined over the years, and that’s in spite of the incredibly cute sheep-like coat!

Norwegian Lundehund 

And the award for the best climber goes to the Norwegian Lundehund! They are one of nature’s greatest contortionists, and for what purpose? They were incredible when it came to scaling cliff faces and catching puffins, now that puffins are now protected and it’s much more common to use nets instead of dogs to catch birds, the breeds aren’t seen around all too often!


The Otterhound isn’t as popular as it once was for the same reason that the numbers of the Norwegian Lundehund declined. When the numbers of otters living in the wild declined hunting them for sport was outlawed, so this meant that the Otterhound’s numbers dropped drastically - even though they have proven to be exceptional versatile hunters. There aren’t a lot of breeds which could stand the endurance of hunting to the same levels of the Otterhound so maybe they’ll bounce back once more!

Pyrenean Shepherd Dog 

Despite the small size of the Pyrenean Shepherd dog, they are excellent in the field as a herding breed. It may be small, but it more than makes up for its small stature in terms of energy and personality. If you’re intending to keep the Pyrenean Shepherd Dog as a pet, you’ll need plenty of stamina to keep up with them. They also have emotional needs which will need a lot of attention to keep them happy.
 If you’ve fallen in love with any of the breeds on this list, good luck in finding one!