Afghanistan Dog Breeds
February 18, 2019
Afghanistan Dog Breeds
Dog breeds come from all different corners of the globe, and just because two breeds come from the same geographical location that doesn’t mean that they will share the same characteristics or personalities.
Even though Afghanistan is a massive location, it is only home to two different breeds. You will probably already be aware of the most renowned dog breed to come from Afghanistan; the Afghan hound, but you may not have heard of the Kuchi dog which also originates from Afghanistan.
So, its likely that the 31 million people who are living in Afghanistan all share the same breed of dog. Let’s find out about Afghanistan’s most famous dog breed along with the lesser known Kuchi Dog
The ancestry of the Afghan Hound goes way back, it is actually one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. With a history which stretches back over 4000 years, they are more than a part of the landscape of Afghanistan. They are a direct relation of the Egyptian hound, and it’s definitely made its mark in history, there are even cave drawings which have been found depicting their importance in history. Rumour has it, that the Afghan hound earned itself a spot-on Noah’s Ark. But fiction aside, to this day they are still one of the best-preserved specimens. They first started to be recognised in other locations across the world such as England from the 1920s.
Their original habitat was the high peaks of the mountains in Afghanistan, which explains why they are commonly found with such a thick coat. However, the dogs which live on flatter terrains have much less fur.
Their original role was to run alongside horseback hunters to chase down prey varying from rabbits to deer, however, their distinct lack of camouflage didn’t make it easy for them. However, the speed of the Afghan Hound always went in their favour along with their natural hardiness and resistance to the harsh climatic elements.
The Afghan hound is a fairly sizable dog, with a sturdy yet slender stature, the skull is long but not as narrow as you would find with a greyhound. To make them even better hunters, they come equipped with large paws, perfect for grasping rabbits.
Personality wise, you can expect to find an independent, intelligent, proud and brave character. This can make the breed very strong-minded and stubborn, so it is always important that you train and socialise this breed from a young age to ensure they make the perfect family pet. Despite its high amounts of energy, it is a very calm breed indoors who will shower their human family with affection. However, they won’t be all too welcoming when it comes to strangers, which makes the Afghan hound one of the best watchdogs you can get. They aren’t the most tolerable of dogs around children, so you will need to ensure that any children which are around the breed are going to be accepting of it.
When it comes to other animals, you may need to be wary of the Afghan Hounds around smaller pets especially cats. Their hunting instincts are very dominant in this breed. They can also be very dominant around other male dogs – they definitely like being the alpha!
Anyone bringing an Afghan Hound into their home will also need to be aware that they have plenty of grooming needs. Their fur needs gently combing twice a week, and you can expect to spend around an hour making sure that you don’t miss any of the fur as it can quickly become matted. A bath will need to be part of the grooming regime once every two months with a special shampoo suitable for dogs. Special attention should also be paid to keeping the ears clean due to how floppy they are.
This breed is most suited to active individuals who won’t come to resent helping the breed get the exercise it needs. You will also need to be fully prepared to train and socialise this breed.
The Kuchi breed also goes by the name of Afghan Shepherds. As you can expect from the name, it’s a livestock guardian breed. Their name comes from their association with the Kuchi people who were nomads who found plenty of use for the breed when it came to protecting their goats, sheep and other livestock from predators such as wolves and big cats. The breed has plenty of fighting spirit and shares plenty of similarities with other mountain dog breeds.
The breed is highly adaptable to many different environments, so, this means that there is plenty of variation in the breed. This makes distinguishing what a true Kuchi is, but generally speaking, they are giant dogs with a short coat and a bear-like skull. However, there are three different types of the Afghanistan dog breed which are the mountain type, the steppe type, and the desert types.
Personality-wise, it says a lot that the Kuchi people trusted the breed with all of their belongings and livestock. So, there’s a lot to be said for their brave and vigilant behaviour. They are not easily daunted by tough environmental conditions. They are a breed which can withstand any terrains, from the searing heat of deserts to freezing cold mountains so a fierce persona with unmatched stamina came in useful. Yet, they are so much more than just another brutish breed, they are also extremely intelligent. There aren’t many breeds which can function as effectively as the Kuchi breed without training – this was yet another desirable trait of the breed for the Kuchi people.
To their owners and handlers, they tend to form deep bonds, and they can be extremely affectionate. They are very much one of the pack members. However, with other dogs and strangers, they are prone to showing aggression. This may have been good for the Kuchi people, but, when you’re living in the Western world and the postman comes knocking it isn’t much of a desirable trait. Neither is their tendency to vocalise. The Kuchi breed will growl both when they are happy or when they are displeased. This had led to them gaining a less than brilliant reputation, as if the Kuchi breed starts to growl at a child this can quickly get out of hand. But all in all, they are still a very manageable breed when they are in the hands of responsible owners. You’ll need to ensure that the Kuchi breed gets plenty of physical exercise and mental stimulation, otherwise, they will quickly find a different way to vent their frustration.