Briard (French: Berger de Brie) is one of the fourteen French dog breeds. It is a type of shepherd, a close relative of the Belgian Bouvier des Flandres.
This breed comes from France and its history dates back over a thousand years. Briard is a hound, which was formerly known as Berger de Bree, which means Bree Shepherd. The first information about the Briard dates from the 12th century, but in its present form was formed in the late 19th century. For the first time the breed was registered in the AKC in 1928. Today Briard puppies for sale could be found mainly in Western Europe, but there are breed clubs worldwide.
The weight of these dogs reaches 40 kg and height – 56-70 cm. The Briard has a well-structured body, athletic and agile. His coat is long, hard and has a dense undercoat. Hair varies in different colors - light brown, gray or black.
Character and behavior
Although he looks like a little bear, this dog is a powerful athlete with a lot of energy, well balanced, brave, courageous and committed. In the family, he is a cheerful and pleasant companion, a reliable defender of all its members and eager to share the daily routine of his master. On a leash is rather calm, not looking for fight with other dogs. It is important to remember that the Briard has a determined character with a certain tendency to dominate. You should start the education early to avoid problems that may occur when the dog gets older. His natural expansiveness may be helpful to participate in sports competitions including Agility. Many owners are heading that way and the results are very good. Sweet, loving and loyal dog, the Briard has a strong character and independent thinking. These dogs are extremely loyal to their owners and have highly developed protective instincts, making them effective watchdogs. Briard is a very intelligent animal with a brave and vigorous temper, but can be serious and quiet when asked. Dogs of this breed adapt quickly, regardless of whether they should stay at home or run and play outside.
Training and education
The training should be done with patience and love. Representatives of the breed become attached to their owners. Its high intelligence required activities and exercises that develop mental abilities, attract his interest and keep him alert.
Like most herding dogs, Briard has retained his instincts of a watchdog and often tries to bring together people and other animals by pushing them to the head.
This dog has a very good memory, which is very useful when it comes to dressage.
The life expectancy of this dog is 10-12 years. There are many health problems associated with the breed - eye disorders, thyroid problems, HD, PRA etc. Parents of your puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.
Grooming and care
The dog is a rough and durable. You should take care to the eyey - it is better to check often if the hair of the eyebrows and the hair of forelock, which closed the entire top of the head, did not cause eye irritation.
The coat of this breed fell moderately, and it is enough to be brushed twice a week. Puppies need more care even during the time when their hair does not fall much.
The breed is suitable for active families or individuals who have experience in growing dogs. If you provide him with long walks and lots of exercise, the Briard can be grown in the apartment.
Children and other pets
The Briard is a sensitive dog, but he can also be jealous when it comes to other animals. He is kind to children and other pets if he was raised alongside them. When it comes to strangers, the Briard is restrained and reserved.
In the past the ears were cut to impart straightness, but according to recent adopted "green laws" in most EU countries, this is prohibited. Briard dogs have the hallmark of all French Shepherds - double claws of the rear legs.
They have earned the nickname "golden heart in fur."
There are many legends of the famous Briard named Dragon, who implicated the killer of his master in 1371.