The Pekingese is a small ornamental breed, that was grown for centuries only in Chinese imperial palaces. It has been known in China for thousands of years and is considered one of the oldest purebreeds. One of them was declared the reincarnation of Buddha and honored with high honors. Pekingese were so valuable that measures were taken to prevent their export outside the palace. Anyone who attempted to steal such a dog was condemned to death. It was thought that Pekingese chase away evil spirits.Emperors and their families were buried with their favorite Pekinese. Dogs of this breed have entered Europe after British troops invaded Beijing in 1860. During the burning of the Summer Palace two British officers managed to catch five live Pekingese. This happened thanks to the charity of the princess who had to kill them in order not to fall into the hands of the enemy. The dogs were sent in England immediately, where duchesses of Richmond and Wellington received two each, and the fifth female has been donated to Queen Victoria, a passionate fan of small dogs. Pekingese then disappeared from China. It was intentionally propagated in England and appeared for the first time in a dog show in 1894. In 1898 it was recognized as a breed by the English Kennel Club. The first club in Britain was founded in 1904, and in US-1909.
Representatives of the breed are small, with compact bodies covered with long straight hair. Coloration occurs in different colors. The height of Pekingese ranges from 15 to 23 cm, and the weight is between 3 and 5 kg. The head is large compared with the body, with broad cheekbones, flat forehead, dark eyes and muzzle, and hanging ears, heart-shaped. The neck is short and thick, and the tail is carried over the back.
Character and behavior
The Pekingese is bold, independent and courageous. Can be frightening, stubborn and exhibit a very strong will. Sometimes Pekingese becomes extremely fearless to everything. If cornered, it will show that it is ready to attack. Not surprisingly, it is often called "a big dog in a little body". Pekingese love to nap and every owner of the breed probably has heard their snoring.
Training and education
The training of a Pekingese can be difficult because they are very stubborn. You should not hurry when you call them, because they will most probably obey from the first time. Before starting to look for puppies for sale, keep in mind that if you have other animals in your home, training will be even more difficult.
The average lifespan is about 15 years. They are prone to obesity, colds, eye problems, knee injuries, heart and breathing diseases.
Grooming and care
Representatives of the breed will feel better if grown in an apartment, but must regularly go for a walk. They have a dense coat and you should comb it every day to avoid compaction. The eyes and ears should be cleaned regularly to prevent the development of infections.
Children and other pets
Although kids are often attracted to the cuteness of the Pekingese, these dogs are not particularly suitable for coexistence with young children. As we know, kids love to enjoy the animals and cradle them, but your pet will rather fell besieged than loved. These dogs prefer to be the child at home, not to care about another little creatures.
As already mentioned, this little charmer prefers to receive all the attention at home and would hardly accept the idea to share with another dog. It can also show an aggressive behavior towards cats. We should not forget, however, that each animal has its own character, so it is possible that a Pekingese to live in harmony with another animal.
The most common misconception about Pekingese is that they are slow and lazy animals because of their long hair. In fact, they are very active and athletic dogs.
They have short legs, which is to reduce their movement and to prevent them from escaping.