In ancient times Indians in north-eastern Canada bred Newfoundland dogs. Europeans saw these beautiful animals for the first time in the XVI century. These large dogs were perfect swimmers that could spend hours in the ice-cold water. It is believed that the ancestors of modern Newfoundland lived on the planet 8000 years ago. Indians used them for water transportation because they have webbed feet, thick tail to change the direction of movement and a powerful neck.
At the end of the XVIII century Newfoundlands were imported to Europe. In England breeders began to cross them with Mastiffs, big Pyrenean dogs and Danes. The appearance of Newfoundland did not change much. In 1860 the breed was presented for the first time at an exhibition in Birmingham. Prince of Wales liked the new breed and participated with his dog in the exhibition in 1864. It managed to take first prize. The standard of the breed was approved in 1886.
The Newfoundland has a large and muscular body covered with coarse, waterproof coat. Coloration usually occurs in black, but can be gray, brown, or in a combination of black and white. The height of the representatives ranges from 65 to 72 cm and their weight - from 45 to 69 kg. The head is large and wide, with small dark eyes and medium sized hanging ears. The neck is strong, and tail is usually hanging down.
Character and behavior
The Newfoundland is extremely loyal to its master. It never forgets the good deeds and calmly tolerates the annoying banter of other dogs. But once it gets angry, you can expect a fierce crackdown. These dogs are extremely friendly and sociable, but early socialization is very important.
Training and education
The Newfoundland is an extremely intelligent dog and easily learns different commands. It is important to maintain a constant level of achieving commands and depending on the temperament of the dog to proceed to more complex commands. From an early age your puppy can learn to swim and help drowning people while using special life jackets.
The Newfoundland lives about 10 years, which is less than other breeds. These dogs are prone to cardio - vascular problems, thyroid problems,hip dysplasia, allergies to drugs and skin problems. All Kennels should have OFA certificates for their puppies for sale.
Grooming and care
The relatively thick and long hair of the Newfoundland requires daily brushing. During the change of the fur you should comb it several times a day. In autumn and spring dogs of this breed completely changes their lower layer of hair. Bathe your puppy two or three times a year with a dry shampoo. Regularly check the ears and eyes of your Newfoundland to avoid infections. The dog needs long walks, though it prefers to walk slowly instead of running. It loves games, but only while it is young.
The Newfoundland does not tolerate heat well and it is not recommended to leave it outside in the hottest hours, as it can get sunstroke. The Newfoundland will feel best in a house, but will adapt to life in an apartment.
Children and other pets
These dogs gets along perfectly with children and cares for them, so it is not dangerous to leave babies in their company. The Newfoundland feels best around other animals. These big, beautiful animals often make friends with cats who usually sleep with them.
An interesting fact is that black and white Newfoundlands were called Landzeers in honor of Edwin Landzeer, the artist who painted only Newfoundland dogs.
In 2006, the Monetary Yard of New Zealand released a silver coin with the image of a Newfoundland.
Few people know that in the original story of "Peter Pan", the dogs nanny Nana is a Newfoundland, despite the fact that in fiction and animated movies this role is played by a St. Bernard.