The Norfolk Terrier appeared for the first time in 1880s in Norfolk and was used for hunting insects and rodents. It was created by crossing the Norwich Terrier with other breeds, such as the Irish Terrier. It was called Cantab terrier because it guarded rooms of students at Cambridge University. Later its name was changed to Trumpington terrier on behalf of Norfolk Street Trumpington. During the First World War, the Irish rider Frank Jones brought the breed in the United States and its name was changed to Jones terrier. Two decades later, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed as the Norfolk Terrier.
Representatives of the breed are small, compact and healthy dogs. They have a straight, hard coat. The coloration can be gray, black, wheaten or red. Like most terriers, these puppies are between 20 and 25 cm in height and 5 to 7 kg in weight.
Character and behavior
This breed has a friendly, energetic and playful character. Most specimens are sociable and kind, but can be very independent and even stubborn, making them more appropriate pets for people with experience in growing dogs. They have a lot of courage, despite their small size.
The Norfolk Terrier is very vigilant and alert, barking every time it feels that there is a threat. It is a great companion and a very good choice for a family pet.
These dogs do not like to be left alone. In such cases, they are capable of making a huge mess in your apartment. Before leaving, you should give your terrier some toys or it will find something else to do and you will not like it.
Training and education
It is relatively easy to train this terrier due to its high intelligence. These dogs love to dig, so they are not suitable for people who are proud of their garden.
To avoid the risk of unwanted behavior in its character, you should socialize your Norfolk Terrier from an early age.
The life expectancy is approximately 12-14 years. There are several health problems, you should know about before choosing from different puppies for sale of this breed. Such issues may include: cardio - vascular problems, sensitivity to drugs, allergies and eye diseases. It is also prone to obesity, so you must be very careful with its diet. Don't give it too big portions and don't leave any food in the house, your terrier will find a way to reach it.
Grooming and care
Requirements for maintaining appearance of the Norfolk Terrier are moderate. To keep the coat in good condition it is enough to comb it several times a week. You should also trim it every few months. The fur of the Norfolk Terrier is not linear, so it is suitable for people who suffer from allergies.
Children and other pets
These dogs get along with children very well, as well as with other pets, except the small ones, such as rabbits and guinea pigs. In general, the Norfolk Terrier feels comfortable in the presence of other dogs. Some representatives of the breed are kind to strangers, but most are reserved and will certainly bark when someone approaches your door.
In year 1930 the breed was already accepted by Great Britain and United States Kennel Clubs. At the time there were dogs with drop and prick ears. They were interbred, because specialists thought there are the same breed. After the Second World War, breeders stopped crossing the two types and in 1964 the UKC gave permission for separation. The drop eared dogs were named Norfolk Terriers and the prick eared – Norwich Terriers.