The English Cocker Spaniel is a breed of dogs first mentioned by Count Gaston III de Foix, a Gascon nobleman. He devotes an entire chapter of his book to the “Espanyols”, as they are called, because he brought them to France from Spain. This breed, which adapt perfectly to different weather conditions, has been introduced in England as a gift from the Spanish king. In the UK the breed became very popular and was developed under the name Cocker Spaniel. It was widely used in Scotland and Wales mainly for hunting snipe, but it is also suitable for other types of birds. The breed was officially recognized in 1902 and in 1940 it is defined as an independent and separate from the American Cocker Spaniel. The Cocker belongs to the retrievers group, he has excellent tracking, hunting and retrieving qualities, and is also exceptionally flexible.
This is a medium sized dog with a moderately large head and large rounded forehead. His nose is black, the legs and the back of the body are well feathered. The dark oval eyes should have a gentle and intelligent expression. The brisket is very deep and well developed, but not enough to cope with heavy weights. The coat is shiny, long and soft. It has large paws with thick cushions, thick hair and webbed fingers. The tail is usually cut at a young age,. The most common color of Cockers is white with black spots, and golden-brown or black.
Males are usually about 38-43 cm tall, and females 36-41 cm. Males have a weight of about 13-16 kg, females - 12-15 kg.
Character and behavior
The English Cocker Spaniel is extremely energetic, flexible and friendly. He loves games and is a wonderful guard. He has a natural hunting instinct, due to which sometimes the prey can be even with his size. He chases the bird before it can take off, waiting for the shot of the hunter and then brings the killed prey to his owner. These dogs love to swim and if they are in good shape can do it for a long period of time. They possess very well developed sense of smell and rely more on it than on their eyesight. Despite their relatively small size, the English Cocker Spaniel is so energetic that even large dogs could envy him. This dog has a very good character and temperament. Because of his "joyous" nature, he is often called the "merry cocker".
Training and education
The training of an English Cocker Spaniel should be approached with great care and responsibility, due to their strong sensitivity and high intellect. They are easy to train and with good will and perseverance the Cocker will fulfill every command.
The English Cocker Spaniel is subjected to genetically determined diseases, including cataract, conjunctivitis, glaucoma, reversal of the eyelids, disorders of the kidney, atopic dermatitis, food allergy, hip dysplasia, discopathy, otitis, hipotereoidizam and epilepsy. Moreover, the breed is prone to demodecosis, hirotsefaliya and losing his hearing. The average life expectancy is between 12 and 15 years.
Grooming and care
This dog is a faithful companion and is strongly attached to his owner, ready to fulfill his every command, even if it is impossible for him. He never gives up. Unlike the American Cocker Spaniel, the English one is more suitable for hunting than as a home companion and pet. Not recommended for people suffering from allergies, as the level of incidence of the coat is "medium".
Proper and regular care for the hair will provide a healthy and glossy appearance, typical for the breed. It is necessary to comb the fur 2-3 times a week and, if needed, clip it every 2-3 months. As the English Cocker Spaniel is mainly used for hunting, the fur gets easily contaminated. Therefore, it is recommended to keep the lower part short.
Their relatively big and long ears require regular care. They should be cleaned often to avoid the development of infections.
Children and other pets
This Cocker gets along well with other dogs. He loves games and is an excellent watchdog.
He likes to be among children, but can become aggressive if irritated.
The English Cocker Spaniel is one of the most popular service dogs worldwide. His incredible sense of smell and innate intuition make it a perfect assistant for the police, customs and military. The English government chooses the best puppies for sale to be trained for these duties.
This dog needs constant attention, so he will certainly try to sleep in your bed.