The Istrian short haired hound is an ancient breed from Croatia, which historically has appeared before Istrian Coarse haired Hound. It belongs to the family of the old Yugoslav hunting breeds and was created after crosses of Phoenician hounds with European breeds. This dog is very appreciated in his homeland because of its abilities to follow a bloody trail of the hunted game and the dense resonant barking notifying the owner about the find.
The first registration in the stud book is in 1924. The breed was recognized by the International Dog Federation in 1949, although the first standard was published only in 1973.
The Istrian short haired hound is characterized by a muscular and flexible physique, with a large elongated head. The skull is convex with broad forehead. The nose is black or dark brown with wide open nostrils. The muzzle is long, broad at the base and gradually tapering towards the nose. The eyes are very expressive. They are round, neither sunken into sockets nor prominent. The iris is dark and eyelids are black or brown. The ears are not big. They are thin, starting just above eye level and taper to the tips. The back of the Istrian short haired hound is right, muscular and groin are narrow. The chest is wide with protruding ribs, which in the end finish with slightly sloped croup. The tail is thick at the base and tapering towards the top. The thinner the tail, the more noble is the posture of the dog. The tail is slightly curved upwards in the form of a sword.
The coat of the Istrian short haired hound is short, dense, smooth and shiny. It is white with a yellow-orange spots and dots. This dog weighs between 16 and 23 kg, its length is between 46 and 53 cm.
Character and behavior
The Istrian short haired hound is assertively, beautiful and very fast dog. It becomes a universal favorite of the family because it is peaceful and good-natured. This breed is smart, affectionate and energetic. This hound can be very stubborn, so it is recommended that its owners are experienced and know how to properly educate their pet.
Your puppy needs regular exercise - about 60 minutes of exercise daily or at least three long walks.
These dogs are excellent partners for jogging. The Istrian short haired hound must be kept on a leash when outside the secure zone because they love to chase small animals.
Training and education
Istrian short haired Hound differs from the Istrian Coarse Haired Hound not only the length and type of hair, but in character as well. Istrian short haired hound is a good dog, but its master must be experienced and cautious because its hunting instinct is hiding in the persistence and even stubbornness and you should deal with these traits of character with proper training.
This is quite a healthy dog. There aren't any hereditary diseases or specific problems for the breed. To keep your pet's good health, you must follow a proper nutrition and care for its ears. Gross violations of food rations in old age can lead to kidney disease. The Istrian short haired hound tolerates cold weather.
The average life expectancy is 10-14 years.
Grooming and care
The coat of this hound is easy to maintain. It is enough to remove the excess hair by brushing it with a special brush. Instead of bathing, you can wipe it with a damp sponge.
Children and other pets
Puppies for sale of this breed become absolute favorites of many families because it is a peaceful and good-natured dog. It gets along very well both with older and small children. Because of its hunting instinct may chase small animals.
A fresco from the late 15th century, discovered in a chapel in Pazin, depict dogs that closely resemble the breed Istrian Coarse haired Hound. These animals are also mentioned in the chronicle of the early 18th century by Bishop of Djakovo Baki.