Bull Terriers were first obtained from the crossing of an old English bulldog, old English terrier and black terrier known as the Manchester terrier.
Bull Terriers combine the speed and dexterity of Terriers with the tenacity of a bulldog. Many people began to cross the bulldog and terrier to create the perfect dog for fighting.
The first modern Bull Terrier is shown in 1917, and its name was Gladiator. White dogs, however, have had multiple health problems and therefore Ted Lyon diversified color breed using Staffordshire Bull Terrier in the early 20th century. Colored Bull Terriers were recognized as a separate breed by the AKC in 1936.
Their weight is usually in the range of 22 - 38 kg. The height reaches on average 45 - 55 cm. The most characteristic feature of the Bull Terrier is his head, which is egg-shaped. The upper part of the skull from ear to ear is almost flat. Head profile curves gently down from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose, which is black and bent downwards. The body is slightly fat and rounded, but their shoulders are strong and very muscular. Their eyes have a unique triangular shape. This is the only breed with such eyes. The ears are small, set high. Their tail is thick at the base and tapering to the top. It is set low.
Character and behavior
Bull Terriers are very active and courageous dogs. They love to be surrounded by people. They have a strong will.
Bull Terriers are quite independent and stubborn and therefore are not recommended for people who have no experience in growing dogs. A firm hand and confident behavior is essential to have a obedient Bull terrier. They have a very strong instinct to hunt and like any other strong dogs, can injure or kill other animals, especially cats.
Training and education
Bull Terriers need at least one hour of physical and mental exercises per day. They adore walks, chasing balls and other objects. Like all terriers, these dogs can track the traces of other animals. Keep them on a leash because they can go after any cat or rodent, or to leave the familiar area, which lead to trouble.
Early initiation of training is also essential. You should show your dog who is the leader, without resorting to physical force or harsh words.
Bull Terriers are not easy to train, so you must be patient and persistent. If you think you cannot cope alone with their education, it is better to visit training courses or special schools.
Remember, it is important to socialize them as much as possible, so they can respond normally to different situations.
All puppies of this breed should be checked for deafness, which occurs in 20% of pure white specimens and 1.3% of others. Deafness is difficult to spot, so be careful when selecting from a litter of puppies for sale.
Many Bull Terriers are prone to different skin allergies caused by insect bites, fleas and others. Bites from mosquitoes and ticks can cause allergic reactions, rashes and itching. Long-term exposure to the sun is also not recommended.
Although the average life expectancy of these dogs is 9 - 12 years, many dogs live up to 15 years.
Grooming and care
Not recommended for families with small children. Bull Terriers need the attention of their owners and could become jealous.
They need a human presence during the day. Leave a Bull Terrier alone for a long time is like a child left in a room full of explosives. They are able to eat almost everything. Many dogs die from gastrointestinal blockages caused by things they already chewed.
The coat of the Bull Terrier is easy to maintain. This breed sheds its coat twice a year. You can remove excess hair with a special rubber glove. Bathe only when necessary.
Children and other pets
Puppies that are bred with kittens and other animals can get along well with them, but can never be fully trusted due to their hunting nature.
Unaltered dogs cannot get along with other male dogs. If you want to have more than one, you can combine male and female or two females. Bull terriers are active dogs and sometimes they play rough. Therefore, it is not recommended to grow such a dog, if you have small children. They get along very well with older children who know how to treat them.
In 1850, James Hinks began crossing the bulldog terrier and a white English Terrier (now extinct breed), looking for a better look - good feet and a good head. These dogs became popular and were later crossed with Dalmatians, greyhounds and Spanish Pointer to improve agility. Hinks wanted the new breed be completely white in color.