The Samoyed is a Russian breed and has existed for three thousand years. This is one of the most ancient northern breeds. These dogs, also known as Laiki Samoyed, are very sociable. They were key helpers of the Samoyed tribe, from which their name derived. Dogs of this breed were babysitters for children while adults were hunting, pulling sleds that were in a deep snow, helped in hunting bears and walruses, and in activities such askeeping a deer herds. Moreover, people from the tribe of Samoyed used them to keep warm in arctic cold.
The Samoyed is a dog that can pull a sled with a large cargo over long distances. This is an Arctic Spitz that appeared for the first time in England in 1890. Polar explorer Robert Scott made them worlds famous, demonstrating their ability to pull heavy loads over long distances. But in fact, main contribution to the popularity of this breed in European countries has British canine Ernest Kilburn Scott, who in 1889 spent three months in the Samoyed tribe. He brought several dogs in London and began breeding them. Standard of the breed was accepted in 1909.
This is a beautiful dog of medium size. Males reach a height of 69cm, females up to 53 cm. Males weigh up to 30 kg, females up to 21 kg. Typical of the Samoyed is its smile, due to a curved up corners of its lips. Permissible is only a snow white color. Lips are black, slightly curved upwards. Eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown or black. Blue and yellow eyes are defective. Coat is fluffy, with two layers. Ears are triangular and stand erect. Chest is large, paws are strong and limbs aremuscular.
Character and behavior
The Samoyed is very spectacular and beautiful dog. It is a playful animal that is always in a good mood. This breed has a strong hunting instinct, so you should walk it on a leash.
If you want a quiet and calm dog, do not look for puppies for sale of this breed. The Samoyed is very energetic, loves to be with its owners and barks a lot.
Training and education
This is a very smart dog, easily amenable to training. It is obedient, but prefers to be your partner in games and training and not a subordinate. However, this dog will fulfill your every wish, just to please you. If you have time, you can play games included pulling sleds or load your dog with the task during a walk to wear a special bag of water or food.
Life expectancy is about 15 years. They are susceptible to hip dysplasia, eye problems and diabetes, and are sensitive to heat.
Grooming and care
Although the Samoyed has a huge coat, care for it is not as complicated as it seems at first glance. The Samoyed's coat has no need for bathing, as it has an ability to clean itself using special fats of body. This dog does not smell badly and is considered hypoallergenic, making it suitable for people with allergies. Samoyed is the cat in terms of hygiene and care alone for their fur all day.
The puppy will feel better if its place is the coldest in a house. The Samoyed is a working dog that is accustomed to spending a lot of time outdoors, so if possible, provide it with opportunity to show its work performance. In the summer bring it out only in early morning and evening when a heat is not so strong.
Children and other pets
This is a social dog that gets along well with children, but it is not particularly suitable for very young kids. This cheerful dog can find a common language with everyone, except perhaps with cats and smaller animals.
If you embrace a Samoyed, it will immediately forget its playful character and will become the calmest dog on Earth. In some countries it is recognized as a healer, as it has an ability to calm nervous people. Because of this reason, representatives of the breed works in some rehabilitation centers and hospitals, treating children and adults. An interesting fact is that the Samoyed does not love to swim. This is explained by a fact that a region from which they originate, water means a hole in ice and involves danger and death.
A well-known fact is that Samoyeds participated in the first polar expeditions. Dogs of this breed accompanied the Norwegian explorer Amundsen on his way to the North Pole.