The Russian hunting sighthound, also known as Borzaya, is probably a descendant of ancient hounds that were bred in North Africa and Middle East many centuries ago, hence have probably spread to Europe and Siberia. The first descriptions of these dogs, dates from 17th century and describe dogs similar to today's breed used for hunting wild animals, especially wolves.
In early 18th century, these dogs began to mix with hounds in Western Europe, such as Greyhound and in 1820's with Asian greyhounds. Result was many varieties of the breed and in 1888 was written its first standard. This gave rise to the breed. In the early 19th century, almost every wealthy landowner in Russia had the breed and bred it in his own way. Later these various types merged into a common species. In 1874 the breed was first shown at an exhibition in Moscow. At that time the breed had acquired its present form. The first stud book of Borzaya was created by the Society of Hunters of the Emperor Alexander II. The first volume came out in 1902 and there were 15 recorded pedigrees. Until 1917 five additional volumes were issued. At that time a number of these dogs was not as big as it is today. Back then across Russia, there were no more than 3000 representatives of the breed and only 2000 of them had a pedigree. Basically they were in Tula, Tambov, Saratov, Lipetsk and Tsaritsinskata province.
Today, puppies for sale can be found in almost every country in the world.
The Borzaya has a high and thin body covered with soft, wavy medium length hair, which occurs in all shades of white, gold, red, gray and black. Height of representatives of the breed reaches up to 71 cm and their weight varies between 34 to 47 kg. Head is elongated, eyes and nose are dark in color and ears are clinging to neck. Tail is long and worn down, and back is elegantly curved.
Character and behavior
Look of these ultra-fast dogs chasing an object in the shape of a rabbit, created the belief that they do not possess a particularly high IQ. But this is not true: it is enough to see them racing for a prosecution in which each competitor must choose the most appropriate and shorter route. Unfortunately, this particular character and this passion for running had a negative impact on the spread of these breeds in today's urbanized world.
Training and education
The most amazing thing about the Borzaya is that their natural behavior has remained almost intact, unaffected by the pressure of different selections and Kennels. In all of them particularly noticeable is the lack of obedience. Their adherence to will of man is neither fast nor absolutely unreservedly. They don't like company of unfamiliar people and dogs. While running, this hound is practically deaf to a call of its master, with a few exceptions. To live seamlessly with the hound you must have its pride and its qualities, and this is not within a reach of everyone.
Life expectancy of the Russian hunting sighthound is about 12 years. It is characterized with good health, but is prone to eye problems, stomach issues, and is very sensitive to antibiotics and other drugs.
Grooming and care
You should brush its hair twice a week, and more often during molting months.
This hound can adapt to life in small homes and apartments, but only if it receives a necessary walking and exercise - it is best to be able to run alongside horse or bicycle.
Children and other pets
The Borzaya gets along well with other large dogs, but loves to hunt smaller animals. Early and proper socialization is essential because otherwise the dog may become timid or aggressive. The Russian hunting sighthound is reserved with strangers. Although peaceful by nature, it does not like to be irritated and in such cases may react aggressively.
The Borzaya's elegance has inspired painters, poets, sculptors and photographers for centuries. The peak of portraying comes with the Art Deco style. French artist Louis Icarus became famous thanks to his paintings with dogs of this breed. Same applies to the sculptor Dmitriy Chiparus.