The Majorca Mastiff originated in Spain and its original name is Perro dogo mallorquín or Ca de Bou (in Catalan means "bull dog"). In fact, the history of this breed is closely linked to the history of Majorca. Its ancestors were fighting dogs of the Knights of the Order of Malta. They were used for bull fighting and hunting.
When Mallorca became a British colonyin the 18th century (according to the Treaty of Utrecht), the British began to cross their fighting dogs and guard dogs with Mastiffs of the Iberian Peninsula.
For the first time the breed was mentioned in documents in 1928 and 1929, after it was shown in dog shows in Barcelona. In the coming years the breed was experiencing difficult times and in the 70's and 80's only a few specimen were left. Thanks to Spanish cynologists the breed was saved.
FCI officially recognized it in 1997.
The Majorca Mastiff is a medium sized, powerful dog. The head has a massive skull. The eyes are large, and dark in color. The ears of this breed are short, bent slightly back in the shape of a rose.
The back of the dog is short and has the appearance of a curved arch to the rear. The tail is thick at the base and tapering towards the end, which ends as a sharp peak. The coat is short, hard and shiny, and the color is ginger or dark tiger. The muzzle is wide and black.
The average height is between 52 and 58 cm and the weight – between 20 and 38 kg.
Externally, this dog is very different from other members of the fighting breeds, but is not inferior in physical capabilities. These dogs canrunquickly, jump and swim. They have very good internal thermoregulation. They are very durable, flexible and easily overcome all obstacles. The Majorca Mastiffs are fighting and guard dogs.
Character and behavior
The Majorca Mastiff is an unmatched watchdog. In a relaxed atmosphere is truthful and confident. When this dog is excited it has a threatening appearance. Their psyche adjusts to any yield, and your neighbors will evaluate their taciturnity. However, you should not forget about their fighting qualities. This breed knows the boundaries of "their" territory well and therefore not pursue the intruders and does not attack them outside these areas.
Training and education
The Majorca Mastiff is a very clever animal, which lends itself to excellent dressage and education. The training should begin with the arrival of your new puppy at home. The first commands that your pet has to learn are "come here", "sit", "on the spot". For normal development and proper socialization, you should walk your dog in public spaces and play with it.
If you train properly your Mastiff, you will not have any problems.
Grooming and care
This breed has a short coat, which means that its maintenance is not complicated. You should brush it regularly with a rubber brush. It is necessary to trim the dog's nails and to check the ears and eyes.
Due to the size of this breed, it is better to raise your Mastiff in a yard. This is not a hyperactive dog and doesn't need large spaces to be happy.
Generally, these dogs are very healthy, but there are many cases of dysplasia. In Europe, doctors and canine specialists are currently working on improving the problems with ligaments.
The average lifespan of this breed is about 11 years.
Children and other pets
The Majorca Mastiff is an excellent watchdog and bodyguard, with good reactions. At the same time it is a perfect pet. They are predictable in their relations: the dogs are friendly, gentle and quickly adapt to family life. They love kids and will protect them at all costs. They are patient with guests of the family, but if the owners are not at home, they will not let anyone in the house.
Before you start looking for puppies for sale, you should know that the Majorca Mastiff can get into a fight with other dogs if not socialized from an early age.
The first evidence for the existence of these dogs are bas-reliefs from the 17thcentury. They were found during the restoration of the walls of an old arena for bullfights in Majorca. Bullfight became fashionable in the early 18th century, when dogs also fought with the bulls.