The Peruvian dog, called by the poetic name "Inca Orchid" and "moon flower" is a very ancient breed. There is evidence of dogs with similar looks hundreds of years BC. Its peculiar character is sealed on numerous works of art (paintings and ceramics). There are a lot of theories about its origin, but it is certain only that about 750 BC, these dogs were bred by Indians mochika (Mohican). And they were probably subject to commercial exchange between ancient Peru and Mexico for textiles and other essential commodities. Spanish conquistadors said that these dogs could be eaten too.
The Inca people attached great importance to the possession of these dogs without hair. They were called "Ca-Allepo" ie 'Dog without clothes." When the Spaniards conquered Peru, the conquistadors found these naked dogs among the orchids in the gardens of noble Incas. That is why they call them "Perros Flora" - "dogs - flowers." This name is preserved today, but in the version Peruvian Inca Orchid (Orchid Peruvian Inca) or simply Perro Sin Pello Del Peru - Hairless dog (naked dog) from Peru.
These dogs have an elegant body of medium size, without hair or covered with short, soft or rough coat. Hairless representatives may have little hair on the head, tail and paws. Coloration of dogs of this breed is found in different combinations - from pink to black. The height varies from 50 to 65 cm and their weight - from 12 to 23 kg. The head has rounded cheekbones, elongated muzzle, almond-shaped eyes and large erect ears. The neck, limbs and tail are long and thin.
Character and behavior
The Peruvian Hairless Dog is a smart, calm and friendly animal that is very attached to its owner. Representatives of the breed are very smart, friendly and loving dogs with a soft temperament. They are wonderful companions.
Training and education
This dog lends itself easily to training, but only if you use delicate and positive techniques. You can rely on its calm, intelligent and quick witted nature. Your puppy will follow your orders from an early age. These dogs are very attached to their masters and will do anything to please them.
Grooming and care
The breed does not require a lot of walking and exercise, which makes it very suitable for growing in small homes or apartments. In addition, these dogs are very clean. It is recommended to put sunscreen or oil when you walk your pet in the hot summer days. It is not desirable to bathe your dog often, only if it is really necessary and always with mild shampoos.
The life expectancy of the Peruvian Inca orchid is about 11 years. It is prone to skin problems and teeth issues, as well as pancreatitis and epilepsy. Other common issues are seizures, IBD, stroke and skin lesions. They are especially sensitive to all kinds of toxins you should be very careful if you use insecticides in your garden.
Children and other pets
The best company for the Peruvian Hairless dog are larger dogs, behaved children or other pets. It is reserved with strangers, but would never show aggression.
A couple of years ago, the International Canine Federation recognized the breed and accepted an official standard. Before that in the USA some canine enthusiasts had created another Peruvian Hairless dog. It was recognized by the American Kennel Club. All dogs were descendants of the thirteen puppies imported from Peru in the beginning of the 20th century. The UKC also accepted the breed recently.
In the United States puppies for sale are still hard to find and are very expensive.