The Norwegian Buhund (Norwegian Norsk Buhund) is an old Norwegian breed, known since the Middle Ages. The translation of its name means "village dog" because at first only peasants raised it and was used to work in the farms. It is a variation of Spitz that appeared and developed with the arrival of Norwegian settlers in Iceland at the end of the IX century. Then the breed was spread throughout Scandinavia.
Some historians even believe that this breed has existed since the time of the Vikings, as their skeletons were found in the graves of their masters. This dog is used by farmers for many different activities, such as pastoral dog, hunting small game, pulling sleds, etc. In Norway, to this day, farmers use these dogs for work.
In the early twentieth century the number of dogs of this breed has declined dramatically, but thanks to the first dog show in the 20s of the last century, raised a new upsurge in breeding and dissemination. Years later, this breed, together with its brother the Lundhund revived another Norwegian breed – the Norrbottenspitz.
For many years cynologists didn't take seriously this rural breed and therefore it is only recognized by the FCI in 1943. It has enjoyed popularity beyond the Nordic countries – puppies for sale are sought after mostly in the UK and Australia.
The Norwegian Buhund is a compact dog of medium size, with a fine physique. It is very durable, strong and has a perfect sense of smell. Males are high 43-47 cm, females - 41-45 cm. The weight of males varies from 14 to 18 kg and females - from 12 to 16 kg. The dog's head is wedge-shaped, with a flat skull, the eyes are dark, while the ears are vertical and pointed. It has excellent vision.
The limbs are muscular with thick bones, the paws are round and compact. The tail is set high and curled over the back. The dog never carries its tail low or down past its hips. The coat is thick, pungent, and not too long. On the neck and part of the chest it’s longer than on the head and the back. The second layer coat is soft and fluffy. Its color can be any shade of the rufous or pure black.
Character and behavior
This is a kind, friendly dog, which is strongly attached to its family. It cannot bear solitude, so don't leave it alone for long periods of time. These dogs protect its family and territory and therefore are excellent guards.
The breed has a cheerful and independent temper. Its representatives are bold, vigorous and resilient.
They are excellent companions for active walks and running. The Buhund establishes a strong emotional bond with its owner.
Training and education
The Norwegian Buhund is easy to train and educate even compared with the prudent Spitz. The dog quickly understands the base rate of dressage and socialization. With its high intelligence, this dog is an excellent and hardworking student who seeks to earn high praise from its tutor. Training should be based on firmness, fairness and consistency. This breed is perfect for dog shows and obedience competitions.
Grooming and care
It is recommended to brush the coat of your pet with thick brush several times a week. Bathe only when it is absolutely necessary. If you raise your dog in an apartment, you will have to walk it at least two hours a day, because it needs serious exercises. It feels best in a house or a farm. This animal is a good guard and will protect your property from intruders. It barks when there is any danger and this may not sit well with your neighbors if you live in an apartment.
The Norwegian Buhund is characterized by good health, and there aren't any specific genetic diseases affecting the breed. The most common issues are ear infections, eye problems and hip dysplasia.
The average lifespan is about 14 years.
Children and other pets
This dog is a loyal friend of each family member. It loves children and gets along well with other dogs. The same cannot be said about cats and other smaller domestic animals, because more or less your Buhund perceives them as a prey.
In 1939 the first Norwegian club for lovers of this breed was created.
In Sweden, they are used as rescue dogs and guides for blind people.