The breed has been known since the XII century and was highly respected among the ladies. Till the XVIII century the Bolognese constantly attended the festivities and receptions of the elite. When the influence of the Italian nobility begun to fade, the breed was almost extinct, but thanks to Gian Franco it was restored. It is obvious that the name comes from Italian city of Bologna, where these dogs were very popular among the "high life". But the ancient roots of the breed were lost in past centuries and researchers have difficulty in establishing the truth. Some believe that this dog came from Malta and later was crossed with small poodles. Other experts think that he is imported by sailors in Italy (Bologna) from the Canary Islands, where it was a local breed. It is certain that the Bolognese "gentrification" happened in Italy, where he acquired specific features and attractive appearance.
He is recognized as a breed by the FCI in 1989.
The Bolognese has a small body covered with long, fluffy hair. The height of the representatives of the breed varies between 20 and 25 cm and weight between 2 and 4 kg. The head is of medium size with square snout and rounded cheekbones. The ears are hanging, eyes and nose are dark in color. The neck is of medium length, and the tail is fluffy and worn high.
Character and behavior
This is a kind and cheerful creature, a preferred and loved family pet and companion. The Bolognese loves exercises and games, easily adjusts to his owners and has a generally good health. Puppies of this breed need a lot of attention, love to do tricks and be praised. If you live in a big town and your are looking for puppies for sale, Bolognese is a very good choice. They adapt easily in any environment and are always happy. Long walks are the better option, but he can settle with a short tour around the park. These dogs have been used for centuries to catch mice and hunt other rodents.
Training and education
Bolognese are intelligent dogs who can often anticipate your desires. They follow their owner everywhere and alert him for everything unusual. These animals are excellent guards and are able to judge characters.
They are strong small dogs but definitely not the most energetic pets. Bolognese are polite and adaptable to new conditions.
These dogs don't have many health problems. Possible issue could be a dislocation of the knee cap. Life expectancy of the Bolognese is 13-15 years, but some reach up to 20 years.
Grooming and care
It is not a good idea to leave the Bolognese puppies alone in the apartment. They usually become nervous, destructive and noisy. Their fur is long and fluffy and does not fall, but need regular cleaning. The grooming procedures you should follow regularly are washing, care for eyes and ears and cutting nails.
Children and other pets
Dogs of this breed could live well with other animals and older children, but they are sometimes jealous or aggressive towards small kids. The Bolognese need a lot of affection from the whole family.
In the Pat This dog lived in luxury royal palaces - his admirers were Madame de Pompadour, the Russian Empress Catherine III and Queen of Australia Maria Theresa. In the Renaissance they were given as gift to the nobility.
Among the fans of Bolognese in some Eastern European countries the name "bichon frisé" is very popular. But there is an argument among the experts if this is a separate breed or just the "people's name" for all Bichons.