Almost extinct descendants of ancient type of shepherd dogs are the basis for the formation Bosnian and Herzegovian-Croatian shepherd dog, called Tornjak. These dogs were popular in the mountainous areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the surrounding valleys.
Major historical texts date from1067 and 1374. In the written documents from these periods the breed was mentioned for the first time.
The rescue of systematic extinction of the breed in both Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina started around 1972 and continued breeding dates back to 1978. Nowadays, the breed population consists numerous, purebred dogs selected in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.
The Tornjak is recognized by the FCI in 1981 as "Bosnian and Herzegovian Shepherd". In 2007 it was renamed "Bosnian and Herzegovian-Croatian shepherd dog - Tornjak."
This is a large and powerful dog, proportionate and nimbly. The body shape is almost square. He is strong, harmonious and balanced. His coat is long and thick.
The average weight of Bosnian and Herzegovinian-Croatian shepherd dog is about 35 kg and the height – 65 cm.
Character and behavior
The Tornjak always strives to please his master. He is extremely loyal to the family and is constantly trying to protect it. Representatives of the breed fiercely guard their property and do not like strangers.
Training and education
As a watchdog from almost 1,000 years, he is always suspicious of strangers. This breed does not need additional training to be an excellent guard. At first glance it seems that this dog is very distracted, but he is set constantly on the lookout in case of threat and can instantly turn into a ferocious beast. He is very intelligent and easy to educate. The new puppy is affectionate, confident and relaxed at home. The combination of these qualities makes them excellent guard dogs, but they need to spend a lot of time with the family.
Puppies for sale could be found mostly in Central Europe, where farmers really appreciate the protective qualities of this breed.
The Bosnian and Herzegovinian-Croatian shepherd dog has a very good health. Do not overload your puppy in the first 6 months as this breed is prone to Hip dysplasia.
The life span of these dogs is 12-15 years.
Grooming and care
Tornjak should not be grown in the apartment, because he is very active and needs a huge space to expend his energy. He loves to play with his owners, but even left alone continues to be active. The representatives of the breed feel best in colder climates.
These dogs are relatively undemanding in terms of care. They need regular combing and brushing. You should check for ticks and fleas during the summer season. It is enough to bathe your pet twice a year to keep his good appearance. During the moulting months you must comb the hair more often to reduce the fall of coat at home.
Children and other pets
Tornjak can tolerate the aggressive behavior of some children, but you should be cautious when he plays with smaller kids.
This is a very dominant breed, which often leads to problems with other dogs. Socialization from an early age will help in the future, but the owner must monitor closely his pet when there are unfamiliar dogs around.
The Bosnian and Herzegovinian-Croatian shepherd dog will protect all domestic animals in your home, especially if he grew up with them.
First written information about the breed date back nine centuries ago, where was mentioned the name "Canis montanus" (Mountain Dog).
The first complete description of the breed was made by the Bishop of Dzhyakovo Peter Hrvat in 1374. Other texts are the one from Peter Lukic in 1752 and a Bosnian manuscript of 1067, speaking about the development and diffusion of the breed.
It is believed that Tornjak originated from crosses between Himalayan Molos as Tibetan mastiff.