Bassets are a breed of French origin, descendants of St. Hubert's Hound, a dog similar to today's Bloodhound. The monks from the monastery of St. Hubert in medieval France wanted a short legged dog capable of sniffing under bushes and dense forests since hunting was classic sport at the time. Both breeds Basset and Scenthound St. Hubert (Bloodhound) pursue, but do not kill their prey. Bassetts was originally used for hunting preparations against moles and hares. For the first time the word Bassett is used to indicate the breed in 1585 in illustrated text for hunting. Early French Basset strongly resembled to the Artesian-Norman Basset, breed that exists today. This is one of the six recognized French Basset breeds. Originates from Artois and Normandy around 1600, the Norman Basset looks a lot like the Basset Hound but is lighter.
In 1866, Lord Geluey transported two Bassett puppies in England. In 1874 the breed was presented to the public by Sir Everett Mileys. The breed was recognized in England in 1882 and in 1884 acquired its own club, a year later the breed was accepted in the United States. The current standard was approved in 1964.
The Artesian-Norman Bassets are short with straight legs. Their body is two times longer than their height. The head is oval, the neck have small dewlap, muscles are smooth with a moderate amount of wrinkles. The chest is clear sternum. Their fur is very short, two-color: yellow-brown and white, or three-color: yellow-brown, black and white, with white feet.
The height of the Artesian-Norman Basset is between 30 and 36 cm. Weight is around 17 kg.
Character and behavior
The Artesian-Norman Bassets are very calm dogs and suitable companions. They are particularly loyal, nice and emotional.
This is a friendly puppy with a very balanced character. He is quickly attached to his owner and is very good and attentive to the children. Loves to bark, with a specific, even melodic voice.
Training and education
Bassetts love food and are less energetic than other breeds, but will exercise with pleasure if you give them a chance. Most Artesian-Norman Bassets love long walks or excursions. They adore detective games that allow them to use their strong nose.
Like other hunting breeds these dogs are often difficult for dressage. Most of them learn to obey through encouragement of treats, but quickly "forget" command, unless they are rewarded again.
The breed has a strong hunting instinct and will pursue a smell if he is given the opportunity. Must be taught to return to call, in case you fail to do this in training, you must walk the dog on a leash.
The average life expectancy of the Artesian-Norman Basset is 11.4 years, which is a typical average lifespan of purebred dogs of similar size.
The most common potential cause of death, according to figures from the club of the breed in the UK are cancer (31%), age (13%), swelling / torsion (11%) and heart disease (8%).
The most common health problems in the breed are dermatological (dermatitis), reproductive, arthritis, mutilation and stomach (colitis, etc.). The Bassett also suffer from glaucoma, problems with limbs and others. This dog is prone to ear problems, skin allergies and obesity.
Grooming and care
Puppies of the breed can be grown safely in an average apartment and need regular exercise, preferably at least one hour a day. Appropriate owners of these dogs are people who have a sense of humor and with more free time. The Artesian-Norman Basset has a stubborn nature and need some patience and perseverance for its training. His coat is easy to maintain and does not require specific care. His ears should be checked and cleaned regularly to avoid infection.
Children and other pets
Among strangers bassets are friendly and predisposed to new contacts. Therefore they are very suitable for families with children and other pets. In fact, if you have to leave alone the Artesian-Norman Basset, the company of another pet will entertain him. These dogs hate to be alone.
In France, the Basset received a remarkable popularity during the reign of Emperor Napoleon III (1852-1870 AD). In 1853 Emmanuel Fremie leading sculptor of the time, showing bronze sculptures of Bassett of Emperor Napoleon III. Ten years later, Bassett gain wide international popularity in an dogs exhibition in Paris and puppies for sale were offered all around Europe.
The oldest dog from this breed died in 2004 of 16.7 years in the United Kingdom.
The name of the breed comes from the French "bas", which means low, "Basset" means "very low".