The German Spaniel origins dated back to the XIX century. It was created as a universal hunting dog. Its ancestors inhabited the region around the lakes of Upper Bavaria. In 1987, the German Spaniel was separated as a pure breed, divided in two lines: brown - which are considered more quiet and obedient, and brownish-gray - known for their more wild temperament.
The main goal was to create a medium-sized, wire-coated dog that can find and point a game, retrieve killed birds in the water, be fearless and easy to train, devoted to its master and a watchdog for both the property and the owner.
This is a medium sized dog, with thick and long hair. The transition from forehead to muzzle runs smoothly. The ears are set high, wide and slightly flat. The coat of the German Spaniel is wavy, and sometimes curly. The color has two versions - reddish brown with white markings on chest and paws or white fur with brown and gray spots.
The average height of these dogs is between 46 and 53 cm and their weight – between 20 and 30 kg.
Character and behavior
The German Spaniel is lively, affectionate, active, determined and very intelligent dog. It possesses a typical hunting nature. It has an innate instinct to search for tracks. This breed can adapt to any conditions - mountains, forests, even in the city. It loves to swim even in icy waters. It is well know for its cheerful and friendly nature.
Training and education
The successful training of the German Spaniel requires a strong personality with a hard character. The best owner has a good experience in breeding dogs. The little puppies love their master and have a strong trust and respect for him. This makes their education very easy. The most effective motivation is verbal praise and some sweets as a reward. This breed needs a lot of physical exercise to maintain its good general health.
Unfortunately, there is a large list of possible diseases affecting the German Spaniel. These include problems with the eyes and ears, twisting of the bowel and degenerative diseases of the vertebral discs. This breed is also prone to hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, epilepsy and melanoma. The German Spaniel can also suffer from various allergies and other skin diseases. All purebred dogs should have OFA certificates.
The average life expectancy is about 12-14 years.
Grooming and care
The most suitable place for growing German Spaniel would be a house with a large yard or huge spaces nearby where your puppy can spend its energy. If you can provide the necessary walks, it is not a problem to grow it in an apartment. The care of the puppy is not particularly complex - should not be bathed more than once every two months, combing the hair 1-2 times a week is sufficient. It is important to regularly trim the hair between the toes of your pet, especially in winter. Check periodically the eyes and ears of the German Spaniel and if needed, clean them.
Children and other pets
Representatives of the breed are very good with children. They love to play with them and will protect them at all cost. The same doesn't apply to other pets and birds, who can easily become a pray for the Spaniel.
The German Spaniel, also known as Deutscher Wachtelhund, was recognized by the UKC in 1996. Still, the breed is not very popular outside its homeland Germany and puppies for sale can be found mostly in the Region of Bavaria.
These dogs are descendants of an ancient German dog, called Stoeberer.