In the early twentieth century one of the most popular breeds of small dogs in Russia was the English Toy Terrier. In 50’s of the twentieth century, however, number of these beautiful puppies decreased sharply. So after mid-twentieth century, Russian canine specialists had undertaken the restoration of this breed. They managed to collect several dogs of the breed, but not all were pure. Thus emerged a new kind of Toy Terrier, which was quite different from the English one.
In 1958 amale terrier puppy mixed from two Smooth Toy Terriers was bornin Moscowand it looked very impressive - it had additional long hair on its ears and limbs. Canine enthusiasts immediately decided to work on this gene and the dog was crossed with female Toy Terrier with long hair. Thus was obtained the Moscow Long-haired Toy Terrier. After years of work on the selection of the breed a new breed was established – The Russian Toy Terrier (Russkiy Toy), which exists in two subspecies - long-haired and short-haired.
This dog has a very small body covered with long or short hair. Only eyes and ears can be defined as large. Coloration occurs in red, black or a combination of black and tan. Height of representatives of the breed is between 20 and 26 cm, and weight between 1 and 3 kg.
Character and behavior
The Russian Toy Terriers are very friendly, loving, sensitive, active, fun, playful and love a company of their owners. They are perfect for families with children because they can play all day. They need a lot of games and exercise, to avoid development of serious behavioral problems. If you leave your pet alone for a long time, it can bark for hours and try everything to find you.
Training and education
The Russian Toy Terrier lends itself very easily to training, but you should use only positive methods and praise. This is a smart puppy and despite its small size can be trained to perform some basic commands. Do not expect your pet to perform complex commands, it has no talent for that. But with a kind approach and treatment you can achieve impressive successes in training.
Representatives of this breed are characterized by a good general state of health, but are prone to eye problems, dental issues and knee diseases.
Average lifespan is between 10 and 13 years.
Grooming and care
The Russian Toy Terrier is very popular because it doesn't require constant walks like almost all breeds of dogs. It can easily be trained to use a litter box for their needs.
Children and other pets
It is not recommended to leave your pet unsupervised with young children, because they can hurt it while playing with it. The Russian Toy Terrier becomes a friend with every animal it sees. It easily communicates both with dogs and cats, and has no problem living with them. Company of strangers does not bother it at all.
The Russian Toy Terrier is the smallest terrier in the world. Many Russian models consider it prestigious to appear at social events with a bag with a Terrier in it. However, this has been condemned by defenders of animals, since in this way the movements of the dog are limited for a long time, leading to stress and may even stop a development of an animal, or have a negative impact on its health.
Despite the efforts of animal organizations, puppies for sale of this breed are sought after mainly for accessories by young ladies in Russia.