You will recognize the Boston terrier by his rounded head with erect ears. Although this is a small dog, he has all the advantages of larger breeds.
The history began in 1860, when breeders crossed the English Terriers with English Bulldogs. The goal was to get a dog, combining the characteristics of both breeds - the head of the bulldog and the terrier body. Modern Boston Terrier owes much to Hooper's Judge, resulting from the crossing of male white English Terrier female English Bulldog. In 1878 the name "Boston Terrier" was not yet recognized and these dogs took part in exhibitions under the name Bull Terrier. In 1888 was added a special category - "Bull Terriers with a rounded head and all hues." In 1891 the club gave a request for official recognition of the breed by the American Kennel Club. The application was rejected. Breeders started a separate registration of Boston terriers, whose pedigree contain at least three generations. The first dog listed in the studbook was Hector, born on 07.19.1891. After two years of discussions, in May 1893 Boston terrier was finally recognized by the American Kennel Club as a separate breed.
Boston terrier has a short, muscular body, covered in short, soft fur in white, brindle and black. The height is between 38 and 43 centimeters and weigh - 4 to 11 kg. Representatives of the breed have expressive faces, square snouts with wrinkles on them. The eyes are wide apart, the nose is dark. Ears are erect and shorter. The chest is wide, legs are well shaped, the tail is short.
Character and behavior
The Boston terrier is lively, fun, intelligent and social dog that easily lends itself to training. He is known as the American gentleman for his kind and gentle nature.
Not recommended for people who can not pay attention to him, as the Boston Terrier does not like to be ignored and need the company of his owners. Dogs of this breed are energetic and enthusiastic, intelligent and with good manners.
Training and education
This is an impatient and extremely loyal dog. He is a devoted pet who loves to be part of the family and the center of attention. Sometimes he is energetic, but it is possible to be calm and proud. The Boston Terrier is very receptive and easy to tame.
They are very receptive, which makes them easy to educate. Boston terrier exhibits independence and free will in certain situations. Suitable for guard dog because he barks if he felt threatened. Although small in size, he is very energetic, playful and enjoy spending time with his owner.
The life expectancy of the breed is 15-16 years. He is prone to eye problems, respiratory diseases and heart malformations, as well as allergies.
Grooming and care
Boston terrier will feel well in a small household or apartment. He can easily overheat and therefore should not be overworked during walks. Maintaining coat is expressed in regular brushing and rubbing with a damp cloth from time to time. Eyes and ears should be regularly checked to reduce the risk of developing infections.
Children and other pets
This dog gets along very well with all family members and other pets. Barks only when needed. This breed is suitable for active families with older children.
In 1896 in an exhibition in Philadelphia was aired the first champion of the breed - Topsy, whose great-grandfather was an English bulldog.
The popularity of Boston terrier growth and even President Wilson had such a dog in the White House. In the 30's of the 20th century 20-30% of participants in exhibitions were Boston terriers. The most titled representative was declared 18 times for best dog, defeating over 50,000 opponents 50 times and was awarded the championship title before retiring in 1984.
Today these dogs are among the 25 most popular breeds. Each year there are more than 10 000 puppies for sale on the market and their current population is about 120,000.