Dogue de Bordeaux, like all mastiffs, is a descendant of the ancient dogs known as Molos. French Molos were known as Aquitaine Danes. In the XIV century, this breed is described in the book for hunters from the French Count Gaston Febyus de Foa. At that time in France the crosses between Molos and hounds were called Alans. These Alans are divided into three subspecies: Alan Gent - hounds with big head, which are in fact the ancestors of Dogue de Bordeaux, Alan Votr - dogs for hunting bears and Alan de Busherie - dogs that look like bulldogs and were called “the dogs of butchers”.
After a time, the dogs of these three subtypes have been referred to as mastiffs. They were used for protection and hunting of large animals.
During the French Revolution many representatives of the breed were executed together with their owners, as this breed was considered aristocratic. At the end of the XIX century Dogue de Bordeaux became a true rarity and only a few dogs were preserved in the Pyrenees.
In southern France Dogue de Bordeaux has been used as a fighting dog, as well as to pull carts with meat. But these dogs were pretty bad and had to have serious muzzles. There was an expression at the time - “Evil as Dogue de Bordeaux”. In 1887 the breed was shown at an exhibition in Paris. At that time these dogs became well known throughout Europe and puppies for sale were favorites of wealthy businessmen.
Dogue de Bordeaux reaches 70 cm in height. Male representatives of the breed reach 50 kg, females - up to 45 kg. The head is very large with a wide forehead. The muzzle is short with floppy lips. The ears are small and very thin, the chest looks enormous. The limbs are relatively short and muscular, the coat is short and very dense. The color of the fur varies from reddish to yellowish brown. The eyes are round, hazel or brown in color.
Character and behavior
The true talent of Dogue de Bordeaux is guarding. He protects with great courage but without aggressiveness. He is a great companion and very affectionate to his master, remarkably faithful and loyal friend. These dogs are calm, balanced with a very high threshold of irritation. Males normally have a dominant character. In the most general case, they are good animals, of course, two representatives of the same sex would always get into a fight, clarifying their hierarchical position. The dog perceives easily, behaves seriously and is a wonderful friend.
Training and education
Dogue de Bordeaux is a very energetic animal with great intellectual potential, but he is getting tired too quickly. It is not recommended to train your pet more than an hour and a half a day. But when it comes to executing a command, Dogue de Bordeaux will give everything to please his master. It is not recommended to use hard methods and punishment during training. The dog will not show aggression towards his master, but will be seriously affected by his attitude.
Overall, this is a very healthy dog, but some representatives are prone to hip dysplasia, allergies of various kinds. Females suffer during childbirth, as puppies are with oversized heads. This leads to a risk for the mother and vets often resort to caesarean section. The average life expectancy is around 10-12 years.
Grooming and care
This is not a pretentious dog and does not require too much care. At the same time, however, it should not be forgotten that his coat is covered in many places with deep folds, which must be regularly cleaned to avoid infections. The coat should be wiped once a day with a damp cloth to remove excess dead hairs. It is recommended to bathe your pet with special shampoos for dogs with sensitive skin. The eyes must be regularly checked for infections.
In the first year your puppy doesn't need serious exercise. Too big physical activity can cause underdeveloped muscles and bones. However, he needs a walk at least twice a day.
Because of his passion for pursuit of prey, the Dogue de Bordeaux may get lost while chasing a cat or other small animal.
Children and other pets
It is not a good idea to grow a Dogue de Bordeaux with other large breeds, since his genetic memory of a fighting dog can get him into a brawl with them. This dog is kind with small pets, but only if he was raised with them. Although he seems evil, the Dogue de Bordeaux loves small children and shows a great solicitude to them.
Dogs of this breed have been used for protection for centuries. The intimidating appearance and muscular body can scare any intruders.