The history of the Great Dane began many centuries ago. Its ancestors came to Europe with the Asian tribes. Large dogs were used for hunting assistants and protectors from enemies and predators. It is believed that the Great Dane originates from large Tibetan dogs and the German Mastiff. Later they were crossed with European breeds. Thus emerged a huge hunting dogs that have been highly appreciated in the XII and XIII century. Despite their powerful body, they are distinguished by great flexibility.
In the XIX century, thanks to the efforts of German breeders the Great Danes were recognized and approved. In the 20 years of the twentieth century the breed became extremely popular thanks to Count Karl Brazovol who founded in 1923 The Society of lovers of Great Dane, whose purpose was to preserve and improve the quality of the breed. During World War II the breed almost disappeared. In the 60's of the twentieth century, these dogs became popular again, but this time puppies for sale could be found worldwide. This German Dog is popular with the name Great Dane and in the US is called the Big Dane, although the breed has nothing to do with Denmark.
These animals are characterized by high growth, elegance and power. The head is long and massive, rectangular and wide parietal part. The ears are set high, hanging down; in some countries part of the tail is docked at a young age to face up, but in others this cosmetic surgery is prohibited. The eyes are medium sized, round, usually with dark tint, but there are specimens with lighter eyes. The neck is powerful, long and well muscled. Latches chest is wide and deep, the back - wide and straight. The belly is retracted. The legs are long and straight, with developed muscles. The coat consists of short, smooth, well fitting and shiny hair. Coloration is varied: tiger (silver-gray or fuzzy black stripes with a black face mask); black (brown-black to blue-black); yellow (from light yellow to rusty-beige with a black face mask); blue (steel-gray); spotted, marble also known as dog Harlequin (white with black or unevenly scattered blue-gray spots). Inadmissible is the entirely white coat.
Character and behavior
This dog could be described as a good-natured giant. He is calm and gentle with a well balanced character, often called "the largest pocket dog in the world." Sometimes people forget that behind this gentle nature lies a fearless guard. Despite their size, these dogs are beautiful and elegant.
Training and education
The Great Dane is a very smart dog who quickly learns to perform commands. You should start the education when your pet is still a small puppy. With patience and positive methods you will have an obedient and calm giant.
Unfortunately, the breed is prone to a lot of health problems. Most often these dogs have issues with the limbs and heart. A serious and very dangerous problem is the dilatation of the stomach - it is the first cause of mortality for the breed. Dilatation occurs when the dog run with a full stomach. As in other breeds, the stomach is not related to the ribs (thorax). During intense activity the stomach turns and block the intestinal tract. If not treated immediately dilatation is extremely dangerous.
The life expectancy of the Great Dane is 7-9 years.
Grooming and care
The short fur of the Great Danes does not require special care. It is enough to clean it with a damp cloth to remove the dead hair. It is not recommended to bathe your puppy too often, and it is better to use a special dry shampoo for dogs. You should provide the German Dog with the opportunity to run free, but when you bring it out for a walk in town, it should be on a leash.
Children and other pets
It is not recommended to leave the Great Danes with small children, as the six-month puppy of this breed weighs more than six-year child. Inadvertently, Great Danes can injure the child while playing with him.
Representatives of the breed get along very well with other dogs and pets.
The Great Danes love to stand on their hind legs and put their front paws on the shoulders of their master. Despite their large size they are very gentle and friendly animals.
A Great Dane named Gibson holds the world record for the highest dog in the world – the amazing 107 cm.