The purpose of the English Setter is to find and scare birds from more than 400 years. The evidence suggests that the breed was established as a cross between Springer spaniel, large water spaniel and Spanish Pointer. The modern English Setter owes its expre ssion and its beautiful appearance to Edward Laverak (1800-1877), who developed his own line of breed with very precise and careful selection in the 19th century in England and another Englishman - Llewellyn (R. Purcell Llewellin, 1840-1925), who based its line of setters to the Laverak's but develop their working qualities. Today, some Setters are still named as Llewellyn setter, which it is not a separate breed, but both are really very different.
The popularity of the breed has spread throughout England and exhibitions for dogs became larger and more visited. Not long after that, the first English Setter was brought to North America. For the first time the breed was registered in the AKC in 1878.
The English Setter is a medium sized dog with a slender and elegant body. His gait is graceful with his head held high. The legs are straight and long, the chest is deep and wide. The muzzle is long, the eyes are dark brown. He has a pronounced stop. The ears are long, close to the head. The hair is long, soft, wavy, longer on the tail, around the ears, the neck and the abdomen. The coloring is white, single color or multiple black, brown with yellow spots. The English Setter is durable and very stubborn dog. He has a weaker sense of smell than the pointer. In training and work he does not tolerate mistreatment. His main purpose is to hunt birds both in open space and in forest and water areas. The height for males is between 65 and 70 cm, females - 61-65 cm. The weight is about 27 – 30 kg.
Character and behavior
According to the breed standard, this dog is "A gentleman by nature." However, he can be wild, unbridled, malicious and mischievous. This is a very energetic dog, suitable for hunters and active people who have the time to play with him and pay him enough attention.
Training and education
The representatives of this breed need plenty of outdoor exercise and well fenced yard. They have the bad habit to dig all over the garden, so keep this in mind if you have already planted vegetables and flowers. This is a very intelligent dog who can be trained to perform various tasks, but cannot become a sheepdog.
Sometimes it is not so easy to train an English Setter, because his hunting instinct often distracts him. His temper is soft and flexible, but is very sensitive to criticism and could refuse to repeat a command out of stubbornness, or fear not to fail again in the eyes of its owner. You should always use positive methods of education.
The English Setter is known for his good health and have less genetic problems, but there are some issues you should take into consideration: cancer, thyroid problems, deafness and Hip dysplasia. The lifespan of the English Setter is about 10-12 years
You should make sure that the parents of all puppies for sale have OFA certificates and CERF, and the puppy itself should have BAER certificate.
Grooming and care
The English Setter is not a good choice for people who live in an apartment, because he needs a lot of movement and space. When we talk about maintaining the appearance of the English Setter, you should know that he has an average level of incidence of the coat, which means that these dogs are not very suitable for people with allergies. To keep the coat in good condition, you have to comb it several times a week. The ears should always be clean and dry to avoid the risk of infections.
Children and other pets
This breed of setters adore children and get along very well with them, but their large size and abundance of energy may sometimes be a problem for younger kids. They are kind to other animals, as well as with strangers.
It is important to know that Setters do not eat much, but their food must contain a large amount of proteins.
The first special show for English Setter took place in 1859 in Newcastle.