The founder and creator of this breed - Pastor John (Jack) Russell, was born in 1795 in Dartmouth, England. Being a passionate hunter, he subsequently became a certified breeder of hunting terriers. Pastor Jack Russell became one of the founders of the created in 1873 British Kennel Club. As a student at Oxford, he bought his first terrier.
Jack Russell undertook numerous attempts of crosses between different working terriers hunting of colorful and monochromatic type. His intentions were always to improve the qualities of hunting dogs without paying attention to uniformity in litters. He also tried crosses with other breeds of terriers, but the resulting progeny did not correspond to the ancestral type. As these attempts were unsuccessful, work in this direction was terminated.
After World War II Pastor Jack Russell's terriers became popular on the European continent, especially among hunters and lovers of horse riding. On January 22, 1990 The British Kennel Club recognized these terriers and issued a temporary official breed standard under the name Parson Jack Russell Terrier. Today's name of the breed Parson Russell Terrier was given in 1999.
Nowadays, the Parson Russell terriers are widespread in the British Isles, as hunting dogs as universal assistants farmers and foremost - as companions. Puppies for sale are sought especially by the owners of stables. That is where these terriers are unrivaled in the extermination of rodents.
Parson Russell Terrier has elongated limbs and well-muscled body. Its color is white with black, yellow ginger or ginger spots along the body and head. The coat is rough, thick, and hard. The longer and stiff hairs on the face and legs should be rare. The head is moderately long, with flat skull part and slightly noticeable stop. The eyes are almond-shaped, dark in color with a lively expression. The tail is set high.
Character and behavior
Parson Terriers are cheerful and intelligent animals that takes their rightful place in the family of their owners. Few of their masters are interested in their exterior looks, and even fewer are those among them who dream of championships.
Training and education
You should show your puppy that you are the leader of the pack. It needs rules and limitations. These dogs are generally easy to train, but you must be firm and patient. If you do not show leadership qualities and authority, your pet can be very difficult to educate.
The Parson Russel Terrier's biggest problems are the eye diseases.The most common is the so called Lens Luxation, that is a heritable issue. Other eye problems are corneal dystrophy, cataracts in juveniles, posterior vitreous detachment and progressive retinal atrophy.
These dogs are also prone to patella luxation and deafness. The average life expectancy of the Parson Terrier is about 14 - 15 years.
Grooming and care
The coat of this terrier is easy to maintain. You must brush and comb it regularly. Bathe your puppy only when needed.
This dog is a perfect companion and you should take it with you for long walks. It needs space to play, hunt and run.
If you leave your dog alone, it must be perfectly exercised, otherwise it will make a huge mess in your home.
Children and other pets
These dogs are kind and gentle with children. They can be aggressive towards other dogs and even get into a fight. Do not forget, that they have really strong hunting instincts and may attack and kill rodents and other small animals.
In France, Parson Terriers are used for hunting wild pigs in the forests and dense undergrowths. These dogs can retrieve dead birds from the water. Horse hunters in the Ardennes, Picardy and Champagne often use them as beagles in blood trail. Pastor Russell Terriers can track large animals in the forest showing no signs of anxiety, seeing how small their opponent is. Thus the hunter gets the opportunity to approach as close to the prey as possible.
The British were first in attempting to improve the breed. Later, their efforts were joined by Australians and Dutch.