The Canadian Eskimo dogs, as you can imagine were first bred for pulling sleds, yet, Eskimos also utilised the breed for its ability to hunt seals and polar bears. The breed’s bloodline can be traced back over 4000 years to the time of the Inuit people. Sadly, the Inuit people never saw the Canadian Eskimo as a pet, or even an animal, it was used as a tool to help complete the task at hand. Breed numbers declined in the 19th and 20th century, but then picked up popularity again in 1970.
The Canadian Eskimo dog is a powerful and strong breed, they have very thick coats which means they shed a fair amount. The average height for a Canadian Eskimo dog is between 24 to 37 inches and weighs between 60 and 105 pounds.
Character and Behaviour
The tough and active breed certainly isn’t for you if you’re looking for a lap dog, or if you don’t have a lot of time to give to the dog. They thrive best in large, open areas where they get plenty of exercise and ideally where they have a purpose. However, the Canadian Eskimo dogs have the capacity to develop very intense bonds with their owners which means that they can make great pets provided that they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation. While they may be easy to train, it’s unlikely that you will ever get the Canadian Eskimo dog to not be vocal which may cause a problem or two with neighbours.
Training and Education
Compared to most Spitz-type breeds, the Canadian Eskimo Dog is very submissive, this makes them easier to train than similar breeds. Their submissive natures combined with their levels of intelligence may mean that training is possible, but you’ll need to maintain a firm hand with the breed from an early age. Due to their ancestry, they look for an authority figure. If they don’t sense they have one from the beginning, it’s going to be hard to achieve the desired behaviour.
As you’d expect, the Eskimo Canadian dog is generally a hardy breed, however, due to its size, it can suffer from common problems faced by other large breeds such as hip dysplasia, gastric torsion and arthritis. They can also struggle in higher temperatures, which isn’t a problem in their native land, yet, in unnatural climates, they can suffer from heat intolerances. With a healthy diet and the correct amount of exercise the Canadian Eskimo dog can live between ten and fifteen years
Grooming and Care
Due to the large size and the high energy levels of the Canadian Eskimo dogs they will require a complete diet which is formulated for active dogs. This means making sure that they get plenty of protein and eats the right amount for their exercise levels – a lack of sufficient exercise will mean that the breed will be in danger of becoming obese. A short daily walk will not be adequate for Canadian Eskimo dogs, ideally they need a job to do, or at least be given the opportunity to run twice a day. Canadian Eskimo dogs have very thick double coat fur. The underlayer of fur is soft, whilst the outer layer is rough to protect them from harsh winter temperatures. Thorough daily brushing is required to control shedding.
Children and Other Pets
The Canadian Eskimo dog has a very high prey drive, which means they aren’t recommended for households with smaller pets such as cats. Yet, due to their loving nature, they are suitable to be around children as long as they have been socialised with children from an older age.
There was such a sharp decline in numbers for the breed, an Eskimo Dog Research Fund was created back in the 70s by Brian Ladoon. Before his efforts to preserve the pure bloodline of the breed the UKC and AKC registries removed the breed from their breed lists.