The Tyrolean Hound, spelled "Tiroler Bracke" in German, is an old Austrian breed of hunting dogs. They arose from the Celtic hunting dogs and have been known since the early 16th century, when Emperor Maximilian I used these dogs to hunt in Tyrol. The selection of the breed began in the 60's of the 19th century. Among many varieties only those in brown-reddish and black and fiery color have survived.
The first standard was drawn up in 1896, when the breed took part in an exhibition of dogs. In 1908 it was officially recognized. Existent as three varieties of Tyrolean Hound, which differ only in the type of hair of the dog's coat.
This animal is a typical individual hunter of rabbits and foxes, used to follow the bloody trail. It is perfectly adapted for hunting in a mountains and forests. Today this dog is highly appreciated because it is obedient, balanced and durable. Not accidentally emperors were once very fond of this breed. In Austria and some other European countries, it is well known, but outside Europe, it is extremely rare and is difficult to find puppies for sale.
The Tyrolean Hound is a medium sized dog with strong bone structure. Its body is slightly longer than its height. Dogs head is broad with a slightly convex skull. Its muzzle is black. The dog's eyes are large, round, dark brown with lively expression. Ears are wide, placed high on the head and rounded peaks. Dogs tail is long.
The dog's coat is dense, rather rough, with an undercoat hair. Its color is reddish-brown or black with fiery spots on the extremities, chest, abdomen and head. In some varieties may have white markings on legs, chest and neck, but its color should be a light yellowish hue.
Size of the males ranges between 44 and 50 cm, and the female 42 to 48 cm. Average weight is about 19 kg.
Character and behavior
The Tyrolean Hound is an excellent hunting dog because it has a very fine sense of smell, a balanced character, very good sense of orientation and is resilient and confident. At home it is friendly and gentle. The dog utters loud and resonant barkingwhen hunting.
Furthermore, the dog is trusting, careful and intelligent. It is sociable and strongly attached to its master.
Training and education
This dog can be easily trained, socialization is not a problem at all. It quickly understands everything. Like all hounds, it is prone to stubbornness, so it is necessary to educate it with patience, intransigence and consistency.
Grooming and care
It is enough to brush dogs coat regularly and to monitor the status of its ears. Another specific maintenance is not necessary. Bathe your pet only if really necessary.
As a hunting dog, the Tyrolean Hound is accustomed to running in mountains and forests, the urban life is not in its taste. So if you live in the city, you must go out in the open with your pet, play and run for at least 2 hours a day.
The Tyrolean Hound has a good health and rarely gets sick. There are no specific data for pathology or hereditary diseases.
Average lifespan is 12 to 13 years.
Children and other pets
With its good and trusting nature, the Tyrolean Hound is a great family pet. This dog loves everyone and gets along perfectly with children, even with the smallest ones. As all other hounds, this one is also a hunter by nature and may chase and even kill small pets, rodents and birds.
There was a small variety of Tyrolean Houndin the past, which in 1944 was excluded from the standard.