All three breeds (Griffon Bruxellois, Belgian Griffon and small Brabant) come from a small dog called "Smousje", which lived for centuries in the Brussels region. In the XIX was created the current black, short haired breed by crossing these dogs with Ruby King Charles Spaniel and Mops. These little dogs are very alert and were bred to guard carriages and prevent penetration of rodents into the stables.
In 1883 the first Belgian Griffon were registered in L.O.S.H. (Belgian studbook). The dogs were named Topsy and Foxy. About 1900 these breeds have become very popular, thanks to the interest shown in them by the Belgian Queen Henrietta Maria. Many specimens were exported abroad and puppies for sale were available all over Europe. For the first time the breed was registered in the AKC in 1910.
The Belgian Griffon has a compact, robust body covered with smooth or shaggy coat, black, red or light brown and black with white spots. His height varies from 20 to 30 cm and weight - between 3 and 4 kg. The head is large and rounded, and the muzzle has a distinctive beard. The eyes are large and wide in dark color. The ears are high, the tail is docked and often carried high.
Character and behavior
Alert and intelligent, the Belgian Griffon is delightful dog-toy, which is ideal as a companion. Energetic and curious, this dog can be very funny and rewarding when asked, but could also be happy while sitting on the lap of his owner.
These are vital and obedient dogs, but do not like to be teased. This breed is suitable for owners with experience in growing dogs. The Griffon sometimes can be jealous, especially when it comes to toys and food.
Very rarely it becomes stubborn or avoid the company of its owner. Everything goes away when you start cuddles and games.
Training and education
The Belgian Griffon is an independent animal and there may be manipulative features, therefore you must train the puppy correctly. He is sensitive, intelligent and always fun to be around. Dressage would not be a problem if you are confident enough and use the right methods of training, but the creation of domestic habits of the Belgian Griffon may cause you difficulties.
The lifespan of the Belgian Griffon is about 12-15 years. There are a number of health problems that are associated with the breed - fainting, heart problems and cataracts. It is necessary to make sure that the parents of your puppy have OFA and CERF certificates.
These dogs have bulging eyes that are susceptible to infections.
Grooming and care
The maintenance requirements of the Belgian Griffon are higher than with other small dogs. You should brush your pet at least twice a week and cut the hair around the butt due to hygienic reasons.
Children and other pets
He gets along very well with children, but it is better to be among grown up and responsible kids, because smaller and lush children can hurt him.
When it comes to strangers, the Belgian Griffon may be friendly or nervous depending on his nature. He is really nice with other animals, although he can become aggressive if feels challenged by other dogs.
FCI recognizes the three Griffon varieties as three separate breeds, while AKC and The KC recognize only the Brussels Griffon.
Belgian Royal Society St. Hubert recognizes the Brussels griffon and the two varieties – Belgian and Brabant. Representatives of the last two were first shown at an exhibition in Roubaix (France) in 1889.
The interesting thing about these three breeds is that crossing between them is allowed. What is the breed of the puppy is determined only when he is born. Sometimes in one litter there are representatives of all the three breeds.
Even more paradoxical is that in exhibitions FCI awarded 3 BOB for the Griffons, which does not preclude that brothers sisters of one litter can achieve 3 BOB in an exhibition.