The Pumi comes from Hungary. It is assumed that it was born around the eighteenth century. Initially dogs of this kind hardly came out of Hungary, but once they gained popularity in the last century in Finland and Sweden, listings for puppies for sale could be found all around the world. Canine specialists think that there is a connection between the Pumi and the Puli, which is also excellent for pastoral work. The breed joined group of terriers and shepherds. The breed appeared in 17-18 century, when shepherds type of dogs were brought from France and Germany. They were crossed with dogs such as Puli and thus received shepherd terriers, including the Puli.
The breed was recognized by the FCI in 1966. In 1973 appeared the first specimens in Finland, and in 1985 - in Sweden. In the 1990s they began to spread around the world.
The Pumi has a small body covered with characteristic curly, thick, medium in length hair. Coloring is monochromatic and occurs in gray, black, reddish brown or sand. Height of representatives ranges from 33 to 48 cm and their weight - from 8 to 15 kg. Head is small, with rounded cheekbones, elongated snout, dark brown eyes and small dropping ears. Neck is thick and short, tail is fluffy and carried curled over the back.
Character and behavior
This dog quickly becomes the best friend of its owner. It is cheerful, energetic and loyal, strongly attached to its master and all family members. The Pumi loves to be among its favorite humans.
Training and education
Although they lend themselves to dressage, these tousled animals are not the easiest dogs to educate. When they are young, they tend to be arbitrary and even mischievous. This makes them unsuitable for trainers with a weak nervous system. They may show aggressive behavior in company of other dogs, but it all depends on the upbringing of dog and when it started. With hard work and proper treatment, they may turn into a wonderful companions and pets.
The breed has a very good general state of health. Some representatives may suffer for joint problems and eye diseases. Average life expectancy of these dogs is around 12-13 years.
Grooming and care
Growing a Pumi in an apartment or small house is a very difficult task and is not recommended. These animals are very active, curious, mischievous and overflowing with energy. If they do not spend their energy outside, they will make a huge mess in your little house. A bored Pumi is able to scatter all clothes and shoes, eat cables, carpets and bags.
This breed is very suitable for a farm or at home with a large yard. Its representatives needs a lot of space since they are designed like most dogs with thick and curly hair, they are also sensitive to high temperatures and abundant moisture. So if you raise your puppy outside, make sure you provide it with solid doghouse where it could hide in rainy days. It should be located in a shady spot with a bowl of water to cool the dog.
Children and other pets
The Pumi can become a nice companion to an older child who knows how to behave with the dog and would not provoke or bully it. The breed is not suitable for small children, as they usually pluck or pinch the animal or try to take its food. Puppy can react knee-jerk and injure the kid.
Although the breed is not known for its aggressive behavior, these dogs are not always friendly with other breeds. However, this problem is usually caused by lack of early socialization. Hard work can overcome this behavior.
These dogs are already popular in Europe and North America, but numbers are still small, compared to other breeds. In Hungary, the Pumi is known as “The town dog”, while its cousin Puli lives mostly in the countryside.