This breed originated from the Sahara desert in Africa. These dogs were bred by many nomadic tribes who used them for hunting and as guards. When hyena or another night predator approached the territory of the tribe, they form a pack and drive away or even kill the intruder.
French canine expert Xavier Przezdziecki believes that the Azawakh was created alongside Salukhi and Slughi, as a variant of the Asian hound. While migrating in Africa, some Hamiti tribes took with the the Asian greyhounds, but can be considered that the Tuaregs, who later migrated to Central Sahara had bring the Slughi from North Africa. This assumption, however, may be subject to doubt, since differences were noted between the Arabian Greyhound and the Azawakh. Anyway this breed is widely spread, especially in Mali and Nigeria. The Azawakh has gained prominence in greyhound lovers in many European countries. In France, for example, there are a lot of puppies for sale of this breed.
The Azawakh is slender and graceful dog with a deep chest, tall, slender and muscular legs with small feet. It reminds a lot of an Arabian horse. The height at the withers is 58-74 cm and weight 17-25 kg. The coat is thin and short, sandy-colored with different shades, with white spots. Many dogs have white "socks" on their feet. Sometimes the continuation of these white "socks" can reach the chest and become a white "collar". If you compare this dog with the Arabian Greyhound, tou will notice that the Azawakh's skull is elongated and narrow. There are also differences in the position and shape of the ears and in the way of holding the tail.
Character and behavior
The Azawakh is an elegant and affectionate dog always attached to his owner. Sometimes these dogs are reserved towards strangers and do not like to be touched by people who they don't know. Lovers of this breed describe them as loyal and at the same time independent.
These dogs instinctively chase anything that moves. Therefore they tend to chase the fleeing people, cyclists, cars, etc. At the same time, however, they are great companions for jogging. Indoors are not very active and will be happy to nap on the couch.
The Azawakh is very elegant and sophisticated dog. He has balanced behavior and demand to be treated respectfully. Sometimes the puppy can be very capricious.
Training and education
The Azawakh training should start from the beginning - until the dog is still a puppy. It takes perseverance and peace for proper training as rudeness and strength will have the opposite effect and the dog will become wayward and very disobedient. You should try to earn the trust of your dog because it can very easily become suspicious of you, strangers or animals.
This breed is suitable for people with experience in the breeding of dogs as training and education must be conducted in a way which will prevent the aggressive nature of Azavak to come out to light. But those who succeed in educating the Azawakh, it become a great companion and friend for life.
The average life span of the Azawakh is between 10 and 12 years. This breed is prone to problems with the spine, epilepsy and autoimmune diseases. His health is slightly problematic, so growing an Azawakh requires a lot of efforts and attention.
Grooming and care
The Azawakh would feel perfect in a house with a large fenced yard where it can run freely. However, it can live in an apartment, but you should know that these dogs need at an hour a day running or active sports.
Due to the short hair and the small amount of subcutaneous fat the Azawakh is prone to frost. In cold weather it is necessary to ensure a sweater. The coat is very easy to maintain. Can bathe when necessary, but it is better to use hypoallergenic shampoo, because their skin is very sensitive.
Children and other pets
The Azawakh puppies get along well with children, even toddlers. They can become great friends with other pets and dogs too.
The Azawakh can pursue a gazelle over five hours, sometimes with a speed of over 60 km/h. It does not kill the prey, but bites its ligaments and keep it until the owner came to him. For the Tuareg tribe this hound is the most desirable assistant in hunting. It is highly appreciated and the only animal they let in their tents.
One of the most interesting things about the breed is that the ratio of body length to height is 9:10.