It is believed that the Pharaoh Hound is one of the oldest breeds in the world and is a loyal friend of man for over 5,000 years. It is called Pharaoh, as images of dogs resembling the modern representatives of the breed, can be seen on ancient Egyptian drawings. The Pharaoh Hound is considered a pure breed as it has never been mixed with other dogs and has been virtually not changed in millenniums.
The ancient Egyptian god Anubis is depicted with the head of a dog, which is the head of the Pharaoh Hound. The priests in ancient Egypt believed that Pharaoh Hound is the earthly incarnation of the god Anubis and worshiped these animals. The Egypt Pharaoh Hound has been imported in the Mediterranean, where the breeding began in the twentieth century. Today, it is a pretty rare breed. Puppies for sale can be found mainly in the US, but many large kennels of Pharaoh Hound exist in Scandinavia. The standard of the breed was officially recognized only in the eighties of the last century.
Male representatives of the breed reach 64 cm in height and weight about 25 kg, females - up to 61 cm in height and are slightly lighter than males. Pharaoh Hound has a wedge-shaped head, long, muscular neck and extremely muscular body and limbs. The muzzle is elongated. The ears are large and straight, they are located quite high. The nose is large - ginger or pink. The tail is thick at the base and tapering towards the end. When the dog is happy, the tail stands up and turns like a sickle. The limbs are elongated, the chest is well developed. The coat is very fine and the touch is soft as velvet. It is shiny and very short. The color of the hair is a ginger-brown, allowing many different shades of that color - from golden to chestnut. At the end of the tail there should be a little white speck. White patches are permissible on the chest and paws, over the nose and in the middle of the forehead.
Character and behavior
Pharaoh hounds are extremely intelligent and loyal dogs that tend to be strongly attached to their owners and can be really charming companions. It is important to know that if it does not run and play regularly, it can exhibit destructive behavior.
Training and education
The Pharaoh Hound is a very intelligent animal and can easily understand what its owner wants. However, some problems may occur during training, as it is prone to stubbornness. It may never agree to execute a command of its master, because it thinks that this is not a good solution. However, it can be trained in a firm approach, without any aggression.
These dogs suffer from hip dysplasia, problems with knees, as well as various types of skin issues. The Pharaoh Hound can show strong allergy to drugs and in this regard is difficult to be selected the right product for the prevention from fleas and ticks. It can also suffer from stomach problems, so you should be careful what food you choose. Don't allow your pet to run at least two hours after eating.
The average lifespan is about 11 to 14 years.
Grooming and care
Maintaining the coat of your pet in good condition is not difficult - just clean with damp cloth once every two days to remove excess dead hair. If the Pharaoh Hound is very dirty, you can bathe with a mild shampoo designed for dogs. You should not overdo bathing - three or four times a year, in order not to worsen the quality of its coat and preserve the protective layer. This dog does not tolerate cold weather, it has adapted to a warmer climate, so in the winter it should not be exposed to wind and frost, as its fine fur doesn't protect from the vagaries of the weather. You can also use special clothes to protect it from the cold. The Pharaoh Hound can live in an apartment, but must be provided with the opportunity to run and to spend its energy. It is not recommended to go for a walk off the leash, because it has a great sense of smell and is able to run for miles on the trail of a scent. Furthermore, the hunting instinct of this breed is very well developed and it could try to catch a cat or other animal.
Children and other pets
The Pharaoh Hound gets along fine with children and dogs of the family to which they belong, but because of its hunting instincts it’s not recommended to be grown with smaller pets, such as cats, rodents and others. It is very reserved with strangers and always alert, making it an excellent guard dog.
The Pharaoh Hound stretches its lips into a smile when happy. When it does something wrong, it literally blushes – the nose, ears and eye area become red.
This is a quite expensive breed. With a proven pedigree the price of a Pharaoh Hound can reach € 1,000, while parents champions can cost you more than € 3,000.