The Transylvanian Hound originated in the area of Transylvania, formerly located within the borders of Hungary. This is an old breed that was created during the invasion of the Magyar tribes in Europe and particularly in the Carpathian Basin at the time of the Arpad dynasty (9th century). The hounds, that Magyar brought with them was crossed with local dogs thus creating the Pannon Hound, the ancestor of the Transylvanian Hound. In historical aspect the dogs of this breed were usually owned by Hungarian nobles, kings and princes. They were used extensively for big game hunting (bear, wolf, stag, boar, lynx etc.). There was another variety of the breed, with short legs, used for hunting small game (fox, hare, and chamois). Until the 19th century the breed wasn’t spread outside of Transylvania (Hungary). In the early 20th century the Transylvanian Hounds increased its number and distribution. However, the number of this type of dogs dropped significantly and ultimatelyDuring World War -in 1947 the breed was brought to a state of near extinction. Fortunately, after recognition of the breed by the FCI in 1968 started a rebreeding. Nowadays the breed is restored and it has the highest prevalence in Hungary and neighboring Romania, where puppies for sale are quite sought after. The short-legged variety disappeared.
The Transylvanian Hound is a medium-sized dog. Its height ranges from 55 to 65 cm and weight is a minimum of 25 kg but normally from 30 to 35 kg. Dogs body is athletic and long, with straight topline and muscular back. The belly is slightly tucked.
Dogs head is hound style with a slightly domed skull. Its nose is black, with a straight bridge and wide nostrils. Mouth has a strong jaws and well developed cheeks. Dogs lips are dry and tight-fitting. Its teeth are strong, well-developed. Ears are round tipped, and hang unfolded close to the cheeks. Eyes are oblique, dark, medium-sized, almond-shaped. Dogs neck is muscular. Generally its skin is medium-thick, and darkly pigmented. The dense and coarse coat is short and shiny. Hairs are straight, and generally lie flat. The entire body is covered in fur, including the belly. Dogs color is black, with tan lines on the legs, muzzle, and eyebrows. White spots may appear on the forehead, nose, lower limbs, neck, tail tip and chest.
Character and behavior
The Transylvanian Hound is a courageous, consistent, and persistent dog. It is demonstrative and gentle. This dog is somewhat willful and distractible, but very smart and loyal.
It is an obedient, good-natured hound and it is easy to keep. The Transylvanian Hound is active, energetic, athletic, and full of stamina. It makes an excellent gun dog and watchdog.
Training and education
The Transylvanian Hound is intelligent and easy to train. It is known for its keen sense of direction and orientation to an environment. This dog is adapted to extremes of climate and it is willing to hunt in forests, mountains, rivers, and in all weathers. It makes a perfect companion for a hunter.
It is trainable, but must receive sufficient exercise. This breed is enthusiastic about exercise; you should provide ample time for activity and exertion.
This dog breed lives an average of 10 to 12 years, and is considered to be a generally healthy breed. Some health issues to be aware of are hip and elbow dysplasia.
Grooming and care
The Transylvanian Hound doesn't need a regular maintenance. Brushing from time to time is sufficient. Bathe your pet only when needed to keep the natural oil of dogs coat.
It can live in an apartment if well trained and properly exercised. It is very active indoors and does best with an average-sized fenced yard.
Children and other pets
This breed is gentle, friendly and makes a good family dog. It is very loyal to its family, lively and highly intelligent.
Not less than 18-20 dogs were presented during the Hunting World Expo held in Budapest in 1971.
Recent reports indicate that the Transylvanian Hound face extinction with their numbers dangerously low.