Home of American Staffordshire Terrier are the United States of America. It is the result of a cross between bulldog and terrier. This breed was originally known as the American Pitbull Terrier, but its present name is the American Staffordshire Terrier.
For the first time the breed was registered in the AKC in 1936, but it is possible that its story can be traced to the early years of the 19th century. Immigrants from England and surrounding areas who migrated to America brought with them small Staffordshire Bull Terrier puppies.
Staffordshire Terriers were used for fights. Eventually they were banned in 1835 and people who gambled, abandoned this 'sport'. However, the tendency to dog fighting was initiated. Later Terriers were crossbred with significant bigger Bulldogs and that is how were born the first puppies of the current American Staffordshire Terrier.
The height of American Staffordshire Terrier is about 43-48 cm and weighs about 18-34 kg. Its colour can be varied - blue, tan, red, white color with spots and brown with traces of another colour. The American Staffordshire Terrier has athletic and strong body and alert expression. His ears can be trimmed or not and naturally bent to the head.
This dog has a beautiful, powerful head. The muzzle is medium, the eyes are mostly dark. According to some standards pink eyelids are a fault.
Character and behavior
Confident, calm and carefree The American Staffordshire Terrier is a loyal and devoted companion. Unfortunately, this breed has a reputation (not always justified) associated with the trend toward destruction and aggression. These dogs are actually very good-natured and good-tempered, although they are most suitable for people with experience in growing dogs.
When it comes to strangers the attitude and reactions of the American Staffordshire Terrier may vary. Some dogs of this breed are friendly, others are reserved and cautious. The American Staffordshire Terrier is very trusting and friendly, but can be stubborn and self-confident in some cases. However, he is very intelligent and loyal.
Training and education
These dogs can be grown in the apartment, but they need regular walks and exercise.
The breed is suitable for active families and people with experience in growing dogs that will be able to educate them to obedience from their early puppy years, but they must show some patience and understanding in order to achieve the best possible results.
The average life expectancy of American Staffordshire Terrier is about 10 -12 years. There are a number of health problems that affect this breed - eye problems, thyroid problems, cancer and cataracts. Parents of your puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.
Grooming and care
The coat of the American Staffordshire Terrier dog fell moderately. It is short, smooth and easy to maintain. Wipe the fur with a damp cloth to keep it clean and shiny.
Children and other pets
Over the past 50 years, careful breeding and selected puppies for sale has led the American Staffordshire Terrier to its present appearance and behavior. He is gentle, affectionate, reliable and very good with children. American Staffordshire Terrier is satisfied, friendly, decisive and confident dog, which made it a great pet. This dog easily adapts to rural or urban lifestyle, but the only thing that will break his spirit and heart is the lack of attention and affection from the owner.
Nevertheless it is important to remember that these dogs were bred to be aggressive towards other dogs and should therefore be watched over, when among them. American Staffordshire Terrier can be aggressive towards other pets such as cats, rabbits and rodents.
During the Civil War in America, Sally - brownish gray Staffordshire Terrier joined the regiment as a puppy, the first days of the war. All the time she was a source of comfort, pride and inspiration for its fighting comrades. The dog bravely maintained its position at the front line and barked fiercely and bitterly towards the enemies. One thing was clear – an unconditional love and loyalty existed between Sally and men.
Sally was in her usual position on 6.02.1865 at Hetchars Run, Virginia, where a bullet pierced her head and killed her. Devastated by the death of the beloved pet and friend, the men buried the dog on the battlefield under enemy fire.