The American Cocker Spaniel originated from the English Cocker Spaniel. In 1881, the Cocker "Chloe II" is imported to the United States, pregnant from "Obo". A few weeks later she gave birth to two puppies: "Miss Obo II" and "Obo II". This line will become the basis of the the American Cocker Spaniel.
In 1940, the American Cocker began to differ a lot from the English one and that required a separation of these two breeds. Although derived from a hunting dog, this breed is mostly used for dog shows or companion.
The American Cocker Spaniel is a beautiful dog with hairy ears, rounded head and a thick, soft, dense medium length hair. This breed is smaller in size than the English Cocker, and his muzzle is shorter. The eyes are dark in color with intelligent expression. The nose is always black on black dogs, but may be brown for dogs with other colours. The body is compact, with a short back, the neck is long and muscular. The legs of the American Cocker Spaniel have well-developed muscles with plenty of hair. The tail is docked to 2/5 of the original length and lies on the same line as the back.
Height: males are usually about 36-39 cm high., Females 34-37 cm. Weight: males have a weight of about 11-13 kg, females - 11-12 kg.
Character and behavior
The American Cocker Spaniel is an intelligent dog, easily adaptable and amenable to training. He is very obedient and cheerful, playful and loyal companion. Dogs of this breed are gentle and trustworthy. They respect the power of their master in any circumstances.
Most of the characteristics of this dog are typical for the breed, but there are always exceptions due to the nature of the dog.
Training and education
Raising an American Cocker Spaniel puppy is a real adventure. Fun, cheerful and playful, they quickly become an indispensable part of every family. They are strongly attached to their owners and quickly managed to become a true family member. It is easy to make a cocker happy - just surround him with attention and love.
You should not forget the hunting instinct of this dog, which may lead to barking - frequently than you can imagine.
The American Cocker Spaniels are healthy dogs. Nevertheless some of them are prone to ear diseases, especially in the summer as they should be checked frequently. Due to the long ears, they become an easy target of parasites such as ticks, which often lead to deafness. Another common problems are eye diseases such as progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma and cataract, so they must be regularly reviewed by a veterinarian. The average life expectancy of this breed is 9-15 years.
Grooming and care
Their long beautiful and shiny hair requires a lot of care. Her regular maintenance will keep it healthy and beautiful. Most of the owners prefer long hair conferring on the beautiful appearance of their pet, but it means more care.
It is recommended to brush the American Cocker Spaniel several times a week (every day - if you have time). It is important to know that a haircut on the back with an electric machine at a show dog is not desirable.
Recently in the United States a "rural haircut" becomes very popular. It consists shortening the hair on the abdomen and extremities which reduces compaction and contamination of the coat.
The desire to maintain a beautiful dress, especially in subjects of exposure should never go against the dog's happiness.
Children and other pets
These dogs can easily adapt to unfamiliar surroundings and other pets. They are extremely social and get along well with children and other dogs.
In the 20th century the American Cocker Spaniel became much more popular than his English ancestor which increased the interest for puppies for sale worldwide. The name "Cocker" originate from the bird woodcock.