The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a medium-sized dog, the father of an old breed which is known as "bullfighters". In a first half of the XX century the breed was developed and adopted by the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom under the name Staffordshire Bull Terrier. This is an English bull terrier breed related and larger cousins the American Staffordshire Terrier and the American Pit Bull Terrier.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a small, muscular body covered with short, dense and skintight fur. Coloration occurs in blue, black, beige or Brindle, often with white spots. A height of the representatives ranges from 33 to 41 cm, and their weight - from 10 to 17 kg. Head has a square shape, wrinkles on forehead, small, round eyes and dropping ears. Neck is wide, limbs are short, muscular and tail is worn down.
Character and behavior
Although individual differences in personality, there are traits, applying to all Staffordshire. Due to a current selection, this dog is known for its relentless courage, intelligence and endurance. When you add its devotion to a family (especially children), peace and stability, you got a very complex dog that can be used for different purposes. It is said - "No breed is not so fond of the family".
Training and education
The breed is naturally muscular and may even seem threatening. Because of its innate attachment to humans, most Staffordshire are used as guards or training to attack other dogs. They have an incredibly strong sense to protect their owner (leader of the pack), even at the cost of their own lives.
The Staffordshire Bull Terriers are prone to epilepsy, eye problems and hip dysplasia. Average lifespan is about 10 to 16 years.
Grooming and care
This breed can be grown in an apartment, but needs regular exercise to maintain a good mental and physical shape. It is very important to socialize the puppies from a very young age to avoid a development of desire to dominate. When they grow up will be almost impossible to get used to a commands of their master. Owners should have some experience in raising dogs to be able to cope with the stubbornness of the breed with entirely positive methods. It is good to know that too hot or too cold weather is not good for them - they are prone to overheating and frost. Their fur is maintained very easily – you can just clean it with a damp cloth.
Children and other pets
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is in the Top 10 of the breeds that are most suitable for families and especially children, according to a report prepared and published by Southampton University in 1996. They get along well with other pets, if they have grown up together, but as long as they are not dogs, because Bull Terriers have very strong territorial instincts.
Before the XIX century "blood sports" like "bull baiting", "bear baiting" and "cock fighting" became very popular. Bulls were driven to market and put against dogs as entertainment to viewers and to soften a meat. The dogs were placed against bears, bulls and other animals, as battles were organized for royalty and for ordinary citizens. The first "end bull terriers" were not known to be particularly appealing as they are today, as they were selected for the character of the "games". Letting a dog in a hole with a bear or bull was a test of its strength and stamina. These early "end bull terriers" created a gene pool from which the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, the English Bull Terrier, the American Pit Bull Terrier and the American Staffordshire Terrier appeared.
In 1835 the "blood sports" were officially banned in Britain. Since then, a dog fights have become cheaper to organize than those between them and the bulls or bears. Dog fighting was used for gambling, testing and improvement of the breed. For decades illegal dog fights had their place among ranks of a working class in America and the UK. The dogs were placed in a pit and whoever prevailed, was acknowledged as the winner (champion). Qualities such as courage and determination were highly prized, and the dogs who gave up the battle, were "curs".
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is often subject to bans around the world as part of the "End Bull Terrier 'family. England, Australia and New Zealand make a clear distinction of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the American Pit Bull Terrier and this is reflected in the law "Breed Specific Legislation".