Fox Terrier first appeared in ancient England. These energetic dogs were used to hunt foxes and badgers. The ancestor of Fox Terrier is the Foxhound, known as one of the best dogs for hunting foxes. The Fox terrier appeared after famous English breeders crossed Foxhound with other hunting dogs. The breed was later divided into two groups - Smooth and Wire haired.
In 1862 representatives of the new breed for hunting foxes were first shown at the exhibition in Birmingham. At that time has been set the standard of the breed, which still applies today. Since then, the terrier has become one of the most popular breeds of dogs because of the nice appearance, good nature and its working qualities. Although small in size, terriers are brave dogs, ready to enter into a fight with an animal much bigger than them. The breed was officially recognized in 1985.
The Wire haired Fox Terrier has a small and elegant body covered with curly, coarse fur. Coloration occurs in white with brown or black spots. The height of the representatives ranges from 33 to 41 cm and their weight - from 6 to 9 kg. The head has an elongated snout, characteristic beard, dark eyes and dropping ears. The neck is long and muscular and the tail is carried up, often docked.
Character and behavior
The Wire haired Fox Terrier is energetic, bold, cheerful, playful and friendly dog. He is very attached to his owner and all the family members.
Training and education
The Fox Terrier is a very smart dog and easily understands what you want from him. At the same time, however, he can show stubbornness and even tried to dominate his owner, so it is important to show your puppy who is the boss. Please note that during training you shouldn't punish physically your Fox terrier. These little dogs are very proud and sensitive and if you try to use physical aggression towards them they will probably bite you. The most easy way to train your terrier is to turn the education into a kind of game in which you must participate and even compete with him for toys. It is important your puppy to feel victorious, so you can bring him to participate in various competitions with other dogs.
Overall, Fox Terrier dogs are healthy but are genetically prone to epilepsy and diabetes. They can also suffer from cataracts, deafness, a number of skin problems, as well as an extra line eyelashes, which are constantly tangling and creates a prerequisite for eye infections. The Fox Terrier can also suffer from bloated stomach, so it is important to feed your dog properly. Their life expectancy is about 15 years.
Grooming and care
You should carefully take care of the terrier's fur. It should be thick, but at the same time should not be allowed to protrude in all directions. The coat should be brushed every day, bathe once every three or four months. It is good to regularly bring your terrier to a dog hairdresser who will shape its appearance according to the standards of the breed. It is recommended to remove the dead hairs from the back of the dog twice a year to allow the growth of new hairs. This complex procedure is done by a specialist, but you can learn to do it too. There is a hair between the foot pads of the Fox Terrier that needs to be removed from a professional to maintain good hygiene.
Children and other pets
When you are looking for puppies for sale, keep in mind that, no matter how well trained, a Fox Terrier could bite someone if he gets too excited. Therefore, it is not recommended to leave small children unattended in his presence.
During the Second World War the breed was used actively by various armies as auxiliary soldiers. Some fox terriers were even awarded a posthumous medal for bravery. In 1928, the Fox Terrier Igloo became part of the expedition to Antarctica led by Admiral Byrd. The creator of the theory of evolution Charles Darwin kept at home a terrier named Polly. Charles Darwin loved to open the window of his home so that Polly could bark at the bad people, which he claimed his dog recognizes. Adolf Hitler in his youth had fox terrier named Foxel, who accompanied him everywhere. They ate together from one dish and during trekking Foxel was carried by his owner with a backpack.