Bichon Frise

Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Good With Dogs
Watchdog Ability


Everyone thinks that the breed is French, but in fact it was established during the Renaissance in Italy in the 14th century as a cross between a Maltese and other small decorative breeds mainly poodles. He was known throughout the Mediterranean, but after being transported to the Canary Islands, the dog was called - Tenerife (the largest of the Canary Islands) and known under that name for a long time. The breed was imported in France in 16th century. It was popular during the reign of Francois I, who became a fan of the Bichon Frise, but the breed experienced a real triumph under the reign of King Henry III, who became ardent admirer. Between 17th and 19th century the Bichon Frise gained great popularity around the royal and aristocratic circles of Europe.

The two world wars in the first half of the 20th century caused very serious damage to breeders of Bichon Frise, but by mid-century and especially from the 70s the dogs regained popularity. Officially, the breed was recognized in 1933.

Physical characteristics

The Bichon Frise is a small, compact dog, covered with long, thick and curly hair. The legs are short and muscular. The ears are long, falling down and the tail is curved over the back. The coat is white, but there may be yellowish spots.

The average height of a male dog is between 27 and 30 cm and 25 to 28 cm for the females. The weight is about 3 kg.

Character and behavior

This dog is an excellent companion for both children and older people. He is serious, very loving and affectionate to his master. Playful and cheerful, the Bichon Frise is obedient and loves to surprise and entertain his owners.

Puppies of this breed need a lot of attention, love to do tricks and be praised. They adapt easily in any environment and are always happy. The Bichon Frise loves to play and romp around outdoors and therefore is not suitable for people who do not like to spend much time outside. He is a good choice of pet for people with experience in breeding dogs and for those without.

Training and education

If you live in the city and your are looking for puppies for sale, the Brichon Frise is an excellent choice. This dog is wonderfully suited for urban environments, but needs regular exercise and walks on fresh air. Characteristic of this breed are great sensitivity and intelligence. The Bichon Frise are fairly balanced and do not cause problems for their owners.

These dogs do not try to dominate, although they can be independent. Sometimes it is hard to learn them to household habits, and some of them raise a fuss with their strong barking. In general the Bichon Frisee is a wonderful little dog with a cheerful appearance, inexhaustible enthusiasm, sociable nature and is a perfect pet and companion.

Health problems

These are very healthy dogs who don't have many health problems. Possible issue could be the dislocation of the knee cap. Life expectancy of the Bichon Frise is 13-15 years, but some reach up to 20 years.

Make a regular visits to your veterinarian in the spring and summer. During this period around the ears, genitals and footpad often arise skin infections that can lead to certain diseases.

Grooming and care

The coat of the Bichon Frise requires daily brushing but should not be cut. A healthy and balanced diet is recommended. If the food is mostly meat, your puppy could develop serious eating disorders. It is preferable to combine some of these foods: meat, fish, rice, pasta, vegetables, cheese, eggs or fruit.

Children and other pets

This is a very sociable and cheerful little dog who loves to play and have fun. He enjoys to spend time with their owners and to play with other people and animals. The Bichon Frise is particularly kind with children, especially the older ones.

Interesting facts

The Bichon Frise was quite popular among the French Aristocracy. For example, Madame de Pompadour owned several puppies of this breed. The Bichon Frise was painted by artists such as Francisco Goya.