Labrador Retriever ancestors inhabited the island of Newfoundland, although the name of the breed comes from the name of the island of Labrador. The first written evidence of the dogs of this breed is from 1593, when the Portuguese described them as interesting and useful both on land and in the water.
Initially, they were called dogs from the island of St. Jones. British Colonel Peter Hawker recommended that hunters could use for helpers the short haired representatives of the island as they actively swum and could bring birds who had fallen in the water. Labradors are crossed with retrievers, to form the new breed. In 1916 in England was founded the first club of owners of Labrador Retrievers. For the first time this breed was registered in the AKC in 1917.
The Labrador Retriever weighs from 24 to 36 kg. Males reach 57 cm in height, and females - up to 55 cm. The coat has one color - it is black, brown or yellowish. Brown Labrador Retrievers are known as chocolate. Dogs who have black or chocolate coat may have a little white spot on chest. The fur is short and waterproof. This is a large dog with a broad chest and muscular limbs. The head is large, the muzzle is not pointed. The color of the eyes is brown or hazel. The ears are dropping and are not too high. They are very mobile and show the mood of the dog. The neck of the Labrador Retriever is muscular and strong. The tail is medium long and quite thick in the beginning. The end of the tail is thin.
Character and behavior
The Labrador is good by nature, loving and loyal, these qualities make it an excellent choice for a family pet. This is a dog that is overflowing with energy and love. It is characterized by friendliness, cheerfulness and charm. Generally, living with a Labrador is a source of deep joy. Its love and loyalty is heartwarming and touching.
Although Labradors are good dogs, they still will warn you when a stranger approaches the door. Their deep, loud barking might scare away thieves, although they are not guard dogs. In fact, your Lab more likely will joyfully greet the visitor, instead of trying to stop him.
Training and education
Labrador retrievers needs training, especially in the first three years of their life to fully develop their skills and use their intellect. They are very smart and understands immediately what is required of them. Do not use physical force during training as they can be offended and refuse not only to execute commands, but also to eat and go out.
Overall the breed is healthy. Nevertheless, some dogs can suffer from certain diseases like hip dysplasia, dysplasia of the elbow joint, progressive retinal atrophy, epilepsy, various types of dermatitis, cataract, different types of food allergies, inversion of the eyelids, as well as certain types of heart disease.
The average life span is between 10 and 12 years.
Grooming and care
The Labrador Retriever is an active dog and needs a chance to spend its energy. The ideal home is a house with a yard where your pet can run as long as he wants. If you keep your Labrador Retriever in an apartment, make sure you provide long walks at least twice a day.
The coat is waterproof, you can comb it once a week. Do not bathe Labrador Retriever more than two or three times a year because it will destroy the water resistance of the coat. Dogs of this breed love to bathe and swim, so if you occasionally bring your pet to swim in the lake or pool, it will help to clean his coat. The earsshould be regularly checked for infections.
Children and other pets
They love other domestic animals, not just cats, but hamsters and guinea pigs. They are willing to endure almost everything a child can do to them.There is nothing more important in their life than you.
A Labrador will never get into a fight with other dogs. If they have a flaw, it is their excessive friendliness. They are open and friendly to everyone, but not everyone responds with the same, so the goodness of Labrador sometimes brings him trouble.
The sense of smell of the Labrador Retriever is 25% better than the German Shepherd's. A Labrador, named Yogi, who lives in Britain, received the Gold Knight Medal, as he helped to uncover 490 cases of drug traffic.
An interesting fact is that, despite his love of water, the Labrador retriever may need to be supported in the beginning of his “relationship” with the water.
This is the most popular dog in the USA. Every third family in North America is looking for puppies for sale of this breed.