The Doberman is one of the most recognizable breeds. This is a popular service dog whose story begins in Germany. At the end of XIX century in Thuringia lived Ludwig Dobermann, who worked as a tax official. In addition to his main job, he owned a shelter for homeless dogs. Because of his employment Ludwig was forced to travel frequently around the country. To feel secure, he wanted to have a dog to protect him. So Ludwig Dobermann began independent work on selecting a dog who can be a perfect defender.
The basis of the breed was the German Pinscher, who is known for his aggressive character. It was crossed with a Rottweiler. In the selection were also included short-haired shepherds, Danes and greyhounds. Thus emerged a new breed that was originally known as the Thuringian Pinscher. After the death of Ludwig Doberman, the name of the breed was changed and the dogs were called Dobermans.
This is the only breed in the world that is named after its creator. After the death of Ludwig Doberman no one couldn't find any records of the exact crossings he has done. The breed showed serious aggression, even to its owners, so the coach Otto Heller started to improve it.
Modern Doberman is distrustful of strangers, but is kind and loving with family members. In 1898 in Germany was created the National Club of Dobermans. The breed was officially recognized in 1960 by the FCI.
Males representatives of the breed reach 72 cm in height and 45 kg in weight. Females reach 68 cm in height and weigh up to 35 kg. The Doberman is big and muscular, but at the same time very fine dog. The muzzle is large and slightly pointed. It ends with a black nose, which in brown dogs may be brownish in color. The eyes are oval and dark in color.
The chest of the Doberman is very well developed, the legs are muscular. The ears are erect and triangular. The tail is long and tapering towards the end, but according to the breed standard it is docked so there are only two vertebrae. The coat is very short, without undercoat. It is black or brown, with spots that are rusty or reddish. These spots are usually on the cheeks, above the eyelids, breast, inner thighs and feet.
Character and behavior
This is the only breed, whose focus is to protect its owner. Intelligent, easily amenable to training, strong and agile, this dog lives with the desire to serve the people. Full of energy, cheerful and sociable, he creates a strong bond with his human family and especially with the "chosen" one, which remains the only one for him for life. The Doberman exists to be near his master, to care for him and protect his life.
Training and education
This is a very clever animal who immediately understand what is required of him. However, he can show stubbornness and in such cases you should be careful, because he can refuse further cooperation or begin to show aggression towards his master. The best way to get Dobermans to execute commands is to combine the friendliness with some firmness, praise and treat. They will be happy to participate in games that activate their natural passion of using the sense of smell to search for hidden objects.
The Doberman is genetically predisposed to certain diseases like hip dysplasia and dysplasia of the elbow joint. Furthermore, the Doberman may suffer from hypothyroidism, cataracts, ear infections, diseases of the cardiovascular system, diseases of the stomach, congenital deafness, problems of the coat and depigmentation of the nose.
The average life span is between 10 and 14 years.
Grooming and care
The coat of the Doberman does not require a lot of grooming cause it is very short. This dog can live in an apartment, but will feel better in the yard. The owner of the Doberman should not forget however that the hunting instinct can make him chase a cat or other small animal. A Doberman could show aggression toward strangers, so it is not recommended to go for a walk without the leash. It is better to check the ears of your pet for infections.
Children and other pets
This dog is temperamental, but controlled and friendly with children. On the other hand, he is resolute and effective against any intruders.
One of the most common myths about Dobermans is that after the seventh year a bone begin to grow in their head, which changes their brains and they attack their owners. There is not a single case in the clinical practice of veterinarians worldwide, which can prove this theory. Still, many people continue to believe in this legend and are afraid to choose this breed when they are looking for puppies for sale.
A curious fact is that one of the landmarks on the Pacific island of Guam is a statue of 25 Dobermans who sacrificed their lives to save the inhabitants of the island years ago.
The best tracker in the world, according to Guinness Book of Records, is the Doberman Zauer. In 1925 he managed to find a villain by his smell from more than 160 kilometers.