The Weimaraner is a very old breed, which owes its appearance to French and German breeders. Its ancestors are mentioned in ancient medieval documents, especially a beautiful and graceful gray dog owned by French King Louis IX. In 1248 he was captured in Egypt during a poorly planned crusade. After returning to France, he became involved in the breeding of gray dogs which have become popular with a name of Saint Louis dogs. Even today, the Weimaraner is mentioned with that name in hunting literature. These hunters became so popular, that in the XIV century every aristocrats in France had a Weimaraner. Big dogs of this breed were used for hunting deers, wild boars and even bears.
Due to a fact that the Weimaraner was grown directly in palaces of monarchs, not in kennels, the dogs of this breed became extremely social. Their beauty attracted an attention of Europe's best artists, including the famous Dutch artist Van Dyke, who painted a series of canvases of these beautiful dogs. The breed got its name in 1850 after many selections were made in the territory of East Germany, particularly in Weimar.
The Duke of Weimar - Carl August had a lot of dogs of this breed and in 1880 his favorites were presented at an exhibition in Berlin. The Duke wanted to create a universal dog - fast, beautiful, graceful and bold. So he conducted a selection and crossed the French dogs of St. Louis with different types of hounds. In 1896, the Weimaraner was officially recognized as a new breed.
Males reach 69 cm in height and weigh up to 32 kg. Females are high about 63 cm and weigh up to 29 kg. Muzzle of the Weimaraner is slightly pointed, nose is dark, but not black. Eyes are large and amber in color. Ears are large and dropping. Neck is muscular, chest - well developed. Legs are long and well-muscled. Tail is long. Coat can be two types - short haired or long-haired. Color can only be gray.
Character and behavior
The Weimaraner is a solid, independent and energetic dog. It has boundless energy, so it must live in households that lead active lifestyles and have enough time to devote to the dog. It is not recommended to leave it alone and closed in an apartment as this can lead to a formation of dull, boring and pernicious nature. These dogs need early socialization, permanent training and self-confident and assertive owner who has some experience in breeding dogs. The Weimaraner loves to participate in various outdoor activities, along with its owner. Although stubborn and strong-willed, the Weimaraner is very smart, obedient and responsible.
Training and education
Thanks to their intelligence, these dogs easily memorize a large number of commands. In this respect they are one of the leaders in all rankings. You shouldn't raise your tone or use punishment during training. It is better to combine a rigor with praise and treats.
The Weimaraner may suffer from volvulus, hip dysplasia, various types of dermatitis, diseases of a heart, ear and eye infections. Overall, dogs of this breed are very healthy, but may have stomach problems. Life expectancy is 10-12 years.
Grooming and care
The Weimaraner will feel great if it could run and play with its master. It’s not recommended to walk your pet without a leash in a city, as it can to try to chase cats or other small animals because of its highly developed hunting instinct.
The Weimaraner needs a place where it can go to bed and rest. It must be quite spacious to allow the dog to stretch and lie without shrinking. It is good to be in such spot, that your dog could monitor the entire room, as it cannot tolerate solitude. A sleeping place should be of orthopedic basis, as dogs of this breed are large, but very elegant and have complex muscle systems.
Coat needs wiping with a damp cloth twice a week. Do not bathe more than once a month. It is better to monitor a status of ears and eyes to avoid infections.
Children and other pets
In general, this dog gets along well with children. It behaves arrogantly with other dogs and small animals, including cats. When it comes to strangers, the Weimaraner is cautious and vigilant. Although it seems a bit violent, this big dog is an ideal companion for active people.
The Weimaraner is often used in police operations as their sensitive nose easily detects drugs. It is also to rescue people in avalanches, and to guide blind people.